Necessity of Comparing the Hadith with the Qur’an

//Necessity of Comparing the Hadith with the Qur’an

Muʿjam al-Aḥādīth al-Muʿtabara, The Necessity of Comparing the Hadith with the Qur’an – Ḥadīth #4

[4/-] The Treatise on the ‘Status of the Narrations of our Companions and Establishing their Authenticity’ authored by Sa’d b. Hibat Allah al-Rawandi: From Muhammad and Ali the two sons of Ali b. Abd al-Samad from their father from Abi al-Barakat Ali b. al-Husayn from al-Saduq from his father from Sa’d b. Abdallah from Ya’qub b. Yazid from Muhammad b. Abi Umayr from Jamil b. Darraj from Abi Abdillah عليه السلام who said: halting in the face of doubt is better then rushing headlong into destruction, there is upon every truth a reality, and upon every correct thing a light, so whatever agrees with the Book of Allah then take it, and whatever opposes the Book of Allah then leave it. Comments

Sa’d (Sa’eed) b. Hibat Allah is Thiqa.

Ali b. Abd al-Samad (Junior) is a pillar of the religion and a Faqih who is Thiqa, he read under his father and also Abu Ali the son of the Shaykh Abi Ja’far (al-Tusi), this is according to the Shaykh Muntajab al-Diin (Ali b. Ubaydallah) [in his Fihrist].

His brother Muhammad is also merituous (Fadhil) and august (Jalil) according to al-Hurr al-Amili.

Ali b. Abd al-Samad (Senior) their father is Thiqa or righteous (Salih).

Abu al-Barakat al-Jawzi is a righteous scholar and a Hadith narrator according to Muntajab al-Diin again.

Thus, the chain to al-Saduq is good (Hasan) and from him to the Imam it is Sahih.

Other non-reliable-in-chain narrations have also come down corroborating this purport – refer to Bihar al-Anwar and Jami al-Ahadith.

The only outstanding question would be the specifics of how this particular treatise reached al-Majlisi and al-Hurr – may Allah have mercy on both.

[-/4] الرسالة المؤلفة في احوال احاديث اصحابنا واثبات صحتها لسعد بن هبة الله الراوندي: عن محمد وعلي ابني علي بن عبد الصمد، عن أبيهما، عن أبي البركات علي بن الحسين، عن الصدوق، عن أبيه، عن سعد بن عبدالله، عن يعقوب بن يزيد، عن محمد بن أبي عمير، عن جميل بن دراج، عن أبي عبدالله عليه السلام قال: الوقوف عند الشبهة خير من الاقتحام في الهلكة، إن على كل حق حقيقة، وعلى كل صواب نورا، فما وافق كتاب الله فخذوه، وما خالف كتاب الله فدعوه

Muʿjam al-Aḥādīth al-Muʿtabara, The Necessity of Comparing the Hadith with the Qur’an – Ḥadīth #3

[3/92] Rijal al-Kashshi: Muhammad b. Qulawayh and al-Husayn b. al-Hasan b. Bundar together from Sa’d from al-Yaqtini from Yunus b. Abd al-Rahmanhe said: Hisham b. al-Hakam narrated to me that he heard Aba Abdillah عليه السلام saying: do not accept a narration on our authority except that which is in agreement with the Qur’an and the Sunna or you find for it a corroboration from our past narrations … so fear Allah and do not accept on our authority that which opposes the Word of our Lord the Exalted and the Sunna of our prophet صلى الله عليه وآله … so do not accept on our authority what opposes the Qur’an, for when we narrate we only do narrate what is in agreement with the Qur’an and in agreement with the Sunna …

[3/92] رجال الكشي: محمد بن قولويه والحسين بن الحسن بن بندار معا، عن سعد، عن اليقطيني، عن يونس بن عبد الرحمن … قال: حدثني هشام بن الحكم أنه سمع أبا عبد الله عليه السلام يقول: لا تقبلوا علينا حديثا إلا ما وافق القرآن والسنة أو تجدون معه شاهدا من أحاديثنا المتقدمة  … فاتقوا الله و لا تقبلوا علينا ما خالف قول ربنا تعالى و سنة نبينا صلى الله عليه وآله … فلا تقبلوا علينا خلاف القرآن فإنا إن تحدثنا حدثنا بموافقة القرآن و موافقة السنة …

Muʿjam al-Aḥādīth al-Muʿtabara, The Necessity of Comparing the Hadith with the Qur’an – Ḥadīth #2

[2/-] al-Kafi: Muhammad b. Ismail from al-Fadhl b. Shadhan from Ibn Abi Umayr from Hisham b. al-Hakam and other than him from Abi Abdillah عليه السلام who said: the Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله addressed the people in Mina and said: O people, whatever comes to you attributed to me which agrees with the Book of Allah then I have indeed said it, and whatever comes to you opposing the book of Allah then I never said it.

 [-/2] الكافي: محمد بن إسماعيل، عن الفضل بن شاذان، عن ابن أبي عمير، عن هشام بن الحكم وغيره، عن أبي عبدالله عليه السلام قال: خطب النبي صلى الله عليه وآله بمنى فقال: أيها الناس ما جاء كم عني يوافق كتاب الله فأنا قلته وما جاء كم يخالف كتاب الله فلم أقله

Muʿjam al-Aḥādīth al-Muʿtabara, The Necessity of Comparing the Hadith with the Qur’an – Ḥadīth #1

[1/-] al-Kafi: A number of our companions from Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Khalid from his father from al-Nadhr b. Suwayd from Yahya al-Halabi from Ayyub b. al-Hur who said: I heard Aba Abdillah عليه السلام saying: everything is referred back to the Book and the Sunna, and every Hadith that does not agree with the Book of Allah then it is a worthless embellishment.

[-/1] الكافي: عدة من أصحابنا، عن أحمد بن محمد بن خالد، عن أبيه، عن النضر بن سويد، عن يحيى الحلبي، عن أيوب بن الحر قال: سمعت أبا عبدالله عليه السلام يقول: كل شئ مردود إلى الكتاب والسنة، وكل حديث لا يوافق كتاب الله فهو زخرف
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