[1/-] Ilal al-Sharai: Ahmad b. Ziyad b. Ja`far al-Hamdani from Ali b. Ibrahim b. Hashim from his father from Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Abi Nasr al-Bazanti and Muhammad b. Abi Umayr from Aban b. Uthman from Abi Abdillah عليه السلام who said: All the companions of the messenger of Allah ran away on the day of Uhud – no one was left among them except Ali b. Abi Talib عليه السلام and Abu Dujana Simak b. Kharasha. The prophet صلى الله عليه وآله said to him: O Aba Dujana – don’t you see your people? he said: I do, he said: join up with them, he said: this is not what I gave my pledge of allegiance to Allah and His messenger for! he said: you are released [from your pledge], he said: by Allah the Quraysh will never get the opportunity to say that I abandoned you and ran away until I taste what you taste! Then the prophet صلى الله عليه وآله prayed for a good recompense for him. Whenever a group used to attack the messenger of Allah – Ali عليه السلام would face them and repel them until he had killed a large number of them and injured others. He continued this way until his sword broke so he came to the prophet صلى الله عليه وآله and said: O messenger of Allah – a man can only fight with his weapon but my sword has broken! So he (the prophet) gave him his sword Dhu al-Fiqar and he (Ali) kept on defending the prophet using it until marks [wound traces] were inflicted on him and he became unrecognizable [because of a multitude of injuries]. Jibril descended and said: O Muhammad this is an incomparable support from Ali to you! so the prophet said: he is from me and I am from him, Jibril said: and I am from you both, and they heard a voice from heaven saying: there is no sword but Dhu al-Fiqar and the there is no young champion except Ali. Comments
With the notable exception of Ali, Abu Dujana and a few others whose names can be found in the history books, most of the companions fled on the day of Uhud including the big wigs. Something which must remain a source of eternal shame to them who left their prophet exposed.
Note that the prophet tests Abu Dujana’s loyalty by giving him a chance to leave but does not do this to Ali. the reasoning is simple, Abu Dujana was after a foreigner in some sense while Ali is from and of the prophet.
Abu Dujana was from the Banu Sa`ida of the Ansar. He was a famed warrior who showed bravery in all the battles including Badr. He used to wear a red hand-band as a sign of distinction in the field. Abu Dujana died in 12 AH in the battle of Yamama.
[-/1] علل الشرائع: أحمد بن زياد بن جعفر الهمداني، عن علي بن إبراهيم بن هاشم، عن […]