Muʿjam al-Aḥādīth al-Muʿtabara

/Muʿjam al-Aḥādīth al-Muʿtabara

Muʿjam al-Aḥādīth al-Muʿtabara, Muhammad b. Muslim al-Thaqafi and Abu Kurayba – Ḥadīth #1

[1/175] Rijal al-Kashshi: Muhammad b. Qulawayh from Sa’d b. Abdallah b. Abi Khalaf al-Qummi from Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Isa from Abdallah b. Muhammad al-Hajjal from al-Ala b. Razin from Abdallah b. Abi Ya’fur who said: I said to Abi Abdillah عليه السلام – I cannot meet you at all times and it may be impossible to travel [to reach you], it happens that a man from among our companions comes and asks me – but I do not have something [an answer] for everything that he asks me about [what should I do?]. He عليه السلام said: What prevents you from [going to] Muhammad b. Muslim al-Thaqafi – for he had heard [narrations] from my father and had a most favorable position with him. Comments

Even a highly knowledgeable companion like Abdallah b. Abi Ya’fur is referred to Muhammad b. Muslim in cases where his knowledge falls short. This should be enough to get an estimate of the status of Muhammad b. Muslim.

[1/255] رجال الكشي: محمد بن قولويه، عن سعد بن عبد الله بن أبي خلف القمي، عن أحمد بن محمد بن عيسى، عن عبد الله بن محمد الحجال، عن العلاء بن رزين، عن عبد الله بن أبي يعفور قال: قلت لأبي عبد الله عليه السلام: إنه ليس كل ساعة ألقاك و لا يمكن القدوم، و يجي‏ء الرجل من أصحابنا فيسألني و ليس عندي كلما يسألني عنه، قال: فما يمنعك من محمد بن مسلم الثقفي فإنه قد سمع من أبي و كان عنده وجيها

Muʿjam al-Aḥādīth al-Muʿtabara, Muhammad b. Ali b. al-Nu’man Mu’min al-Taq – Ḥadīth #2

[2/174] Rijal al-Kashshi: Hamduwayh b. Nusayr from Muhammad b. Isa from Yunus from Ismail b. Abd al-Khaliq who said: I was at Abi Abdillah’s عليه السلام place one night when al-Ahwal came in to see him. There overcame him [al-Ahwal] an extreme state of humility and submissiveness [in the presence of the Imam]. Abu Abdillah عليه السلام said to him: what is the matter with you? and he [the Imam] began conversing with him until he [al-Ahwal] returned to normal. Then he [the Imam] said to him: how do you debate with the people [what points do you use]? he [Ismail] said: so he [al-Ahwal] described to him how he argues against the people and I did not memorize that from him, then Abu Abdillah عليه السلام said: debate them using such and such [points]. Comments

al-Ahwal [Mu’min al-Taq] was one of the most knowledgeable companions of al-Sadiq عليه السلامand had an extremely high status with him [See 1/173 above]. His specialization was as a theologian well-versed in debate.

A few snippets found in his biographical entry are provided below:

محمد بن علي بن النعمان بن أبي طريفة البجلي، مولى الأحول أبو جعفر: كوفي، صيرفي، يلقب مؤمن الطاق، وصاحب الطاق، ويلقبه المخالفون شيطان الطاق … وكان دكانه في طاق المحامل بالكوفة، فيرجع إليه في النقد فيرد ردا يخرج كما يقول فيقال شيطان الطاق. فأما منزلته في العلم وحسن الخاطر فأشهر … وكانت له مع أبي حنيفة حكايات كثيرة، فمنها أنه قال له يوما: يا أبا جعفر تقول بالرجعة؟ فقال له: نعم، فقال له: أقرضني من كيسك هذا خمس مائة دينار، فإذا عدت أنا وأنت رددتها إليك، فقال له في الحال: أريد ضمينا يضمن لي أنك تعود إنسانا، فإني أخاف أن تعود قردا، فلا أتمكن من استرجاع ما أخذت مني

al-Najashi: Abu Ja’far Muhammad b. Ali b. al-Nu’man b. Abi Turayfa al-Bajali al-Ahwal. Client. Kufan. Money-changer. Known as the Believer of Taq or the Man of Taq, however the opponents call him the Devil of Taq … His stall was in Taq al-Muhamil in Kufa. He was an authority in checking the authenticity of coins, so if he rejects one it would turn out [counterfeit] as he had said – thus they called him the Devil of Taq [because of his wondrous ability in telling forgeries]. As for his station in knowledge and quickness of mind then it is more famous than needs elaboration … He had many encounters with Abi Hanifa. In one of them – he [Abu Hanifa] said to him one day: O Aba Ja’far do you believe in Raj’a [return of the dead]? He said: Yes. He said to him: lend me five hundred gold coins from your pocket and I will pay you back when you and me are brought back to life again! He [al-Ahwal] said to him without hesitation: I want a guarantor to guarantee for me that you are going to return as a human-being, for I fear that you will be returned in the form of a monkey and I will not be able to […]

Muʿjam al-Aḥādīth al-Muʿtabara, Muhammad b. Ali b. al-Nu’man Mu’min al-Taq – Ḥadīth #1

[1/173] Rijal al-Kashshi: Hamduwayh from Muhammad b. Isa b. Ubayd and Yaqub b. Yazid from Ibn Abi Umayr from Abi al-Abbas al-Baqbaq from Abi Abdillah عليه السلام who said: The most beloved persons to me – whether alive or dead – are four: Burayd b. Muawiya al-Ijli, Zurara b. A’yan, Muhammad b. Muslim and Abu Ja’far al-Ahwal. They are the most beloved persons to me – alive or dead.

[1/253] رجال الكشي: حمدويه، عن محمد بن عيسى بن عبيد و يعقوب بن يزيد، عن ابن أبي عمير، عن أبي العباس البقباق عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام أنه قال: أربعة أحب الناس إلي أحياء و أمواتا، بريد بن معاوية العجلي و زرارة بن أعين و محمد بن مسلم و أبو جعفر الأحول، أحب الناس إلي أحياء و أمواتا

Muʿjam al-Aḥādīth al-Muʿtabara, Muhammad b. Ali b. Mahziyar – Ḥadīth #1

[1/252] Ghayba of al-Tusi: A large number from Ja’far b. Muhammad b. Qulawayh and Abi Ghalib al-Zurari and others from Muhammad b. Ya’qub al-Kulayni from Ishaq b. Ya’qub who said: I asked Muhammad b. Uthman al-Amri رحمه الله to relay my letter in which I had asked questions that had troubled me. A Tawqi came out in the handwriting of the Master of the Age عليه السلام:

As for what you have asked about – may Allah guide you and make you firm – regarding those who reject me from among our family members and the sons of our uncle then know that there is no relation between Allah Mighty and Majestic and anyone else. Whoever rejects me then he is not from me and his similitude is like the similitude of the son of Noah. As for the similitude of my paternal uncle Ja’far and his sons then it is like the brothers of Joseph عليه السلام.

As for beer then drinking it is forbidden but there is no harm in drinking rye-drink.

As for your wealth then we do not accept it except that you become purified, so whoever wishes let him send it and whoever wishes let him withhold it, for what has been given to us by Allah is better than what has been given to you.

As for the appearance of the relief then it is up to Allah and the predictors [who put a time to it] have lied!

As for the belief of the one who claims that al-Husayn عليه السلام was not killed then it is disbelief, falsehood and misguidance.

As for the events which arise then return in them to the narrators of our Hadith for they are my proof over you and I am the proof of Allah over you …

As for Muhammad b. Ali b. Mahziyar al-Ahwazi then Allah will rectify his heart and will remove his doubt from him … Comments

This is a famous Tawqi of the Twelfth Imam which commands the believers to refer to the ‘narrators of Hadith’ anytime they are confronted with novel situations to which they require a solution.

This Ja’far is the infamous Ja’far al-Kadhhab [the liar], the son of Imam al-Hadi عليه السلام who disputed the Imama of al-Askari عليه السلام and later denied the existence of a son so as to usurp the estate of his late brother.

الفقاع was a malt-based beverage which was considered permissible by some of the Sunni scholars but was always forbidden by our `Aimma because it caused intoxication after fermentation.

الشلماب is derived from a Persian loan-word and refers to a drink which contained rye. It does not intoxicate but was used as an appetizer.

There were some of the Ghulat, specifically the Nusayriyya, who claimed that al-Husayn was not killed at Karbala, rather he was raised to the heavens like Isa b. Maryam. They further assert that the one who was made to appear like him and killed in his place was Handhala b. As’ad al-Shami. They used the […]

Muʿjam al-Aḥādīth al-Muʿtabara, Muhammad b. Ali al-Shalmaghani, al-Sari`i, al-Bilali, al-Hilali, and al-Numayri – Ḥadīth #1

[1/251] Ghayba of al-Tusi: A large number from Abi Muhammad Harun b. Musa from Muhammad b. Hammam who said: There came out [a Tawqi] in the hand of the Shaykh Abi al-Qasim al-Husayn b. Ruh رضي الله عنه regarding Ibn Abi al-Azaqir [al-Shalmaghani] in the month of Dhul-Hijja of the year three hundred and twelve, and the ink is still wet and has not dried.

A large number from Ibn Dawud who said: A Tawqi came out from al-Husayn b. Ruh about al-Shalmaghani, its copy was sent to Abi Ali b. Hammam in Dhil Hijja of the year three hundred and twelve.

Ibn Nuh from Abu al-Fath Ahmad b. Dhaka – the client of Ali b. Muhammad b. al-Furat رحمه الله – who said: Abu Ali b. Hammam b. Suhayl informed us of the Tawqi which came out in Dhi al-Hijja in the year three hundred and twelve.

Muhammad b. al-Hasan b. Ja’far b. Ismail b. Salih al-Saymari who said: the Shaykh al-Husayn b. Ruh رضي الله عنه sent [a Tawqi] from his detention at the palace of al-Muqtadir to our Shaykh Abi Ali b. Hammam in Dhi al-Hijja the year three hundred and twelve. Abu Ali proceeded to dictate it to me and informed me that Aba al-Qasim had retracted his original decision not to publicize it, for even though he was in the hands of the group and under arrest but he was ordered [by the Twelfth Imam] to publicize it, and that he should not fear but feel secure, consequently he was freed and was released from detention a short while after that and all praise belongs to Allah.

The text of the Tawqi (of the Twelfth Imam): (O Abu Ali b. Hammam) may He (Allah) lengthen your stay, make you know good in its totality and end by it (good) your works [al-Saymari: may He make you know good] – Inform the one whose religion you trust and whose intention you are confident of among our brothers – may Allah make you (pl.) successful [Ibn Dawud: may Allah perpetuate your (pl.) successes] that Muhammad b. Ali famously known as al-Shalmaghani [Ibn Dawud added: and he is one of those to whom Allah has hastened the wrath and has not given any respite] has apostasized from Islam and left it. He has introduced heresy in the religion of Allah and has disbelieved in the Creator Mighty and Elevated because of what he has claimed [Harun: in what he has claimed]. He has foisted a lie and a falsehood. He has uttered a mendacious imputation and a grievous sin [Harun: grievous matter].

The comparers with Allah have lied and have have gone far astray and have suffered a manifest loss. We have disassociated to Allah the Elevated and His messenger and his family صلوات الله وسلامه ورحمته وبركاته عليهم from him, and have cursed him – the curses of Allah be upon him [Ibn Dawud added: one after the other in succession] – both in the apparent and internally, in secret and in […]

Muʿjam al-Aḥādīth al-Muʿtabara, Muhammad b. Ali b. al-Husayn b. Musa b. Babawayh (Shaykh al-Saduq) – Ḥadīth #1

[1/250] Ghayba of al-Tusi: A large number from Abi Ja’far Muhammad b. Ali b. al-Husayn b. Musa b. Babawayh and his brother Abi Abdallah al-Husayn b. Ali both of them from Abu Ja’far Muhammad b. Ali al-Aswad رحمه الله who said: Ali b. al-Husayn b. Musa b. Babawayh رضي الله عنه asked me – after the death of Muhammad b. Uthman al-Amri قدس سره – to request Aba al-Qasim al-Ruhi قدس سره to implore our Leader the Master of the Age عليه السلام to supplicate to Allah that He grant him a male child. He [al-Aswad] says: I asked him [al-Ruhi] but he refused it. Then he informed me after three days that he [the Imam] had supplicated for Ali b. al-Husayn رحمه الله and ‘will be born to him a blessed son through whom Allah will benefit many and after him other sons’. He [al-Aswad] said: Muhammad b. Ali was born to Ali b. al-Husayn رضي الله عنه that same year and after him other children …

Abu Ja’far b. Babawayh (al-Saduq) said: Abu Ja’far Muhammad b. Ali al-Aswad would always say to me – when he sees me going to the study session of our Shaykh Muhammad b. al-Hasan b. al-Walid رضي الله عنه and after observing my motivation for studying the books of knowledge and gaining mastery over them: it is not strange that you have this desire for knowledge for you were born because of the supplication of the Imam عليه السلام. Comments

Shaykh al-Saduq was born through the supplication of the Twelfth Imam. His father Ali b. al-Husayn was not granted off-spring for many years. He decided to send a plea to the Imam via the Third Safir [Na’ib Khass] Abu al-Qasim b. al-Ruh. The reply was that he will be granted a son who would grow up to become a learned scholar of the religion who benefits many through his knowledge. This was indeed fulfilled for the believers gain benefit from the books authored by him to this day.

[1/250] غيبة الطوسي: جماعة، عن أبي جعفر محمد بن علي بن الحسين بن موسى بن بابويه وأبي عبدالله الحسين بن علي أخيه عن أبوجعفر محمد بن علي الاسود رحمه الله قال: سألني علي بن الحسن بن موسى بن بابويه رضي الله عنه بعد موت محمد بن عثمان العمري قدس سره أن أسأل أبا القاسم الروحي قدس الله روحه أن يسأل مولانا صاحب الزمان عليه السلام أن يدعو الله أن يرزقه ولدا ذكرا قال: فسألته فأنهى ذلك، ثم أخبرني بعد ذلك بثلاثة أيام أنه قد دعا لعلي بن الحسين رحمه الله فإنه سيولد له ولد مبارك ينفع الله به، وبعده أولاد … قال: فولد لعلي بن الحسين رضي الله عنه تلك السنة إبنه محمد بن علي وبعده أولاد …
قال أبو جعفر بن بابويه: وكان أبو جعفر محمد بن علي الأسود كثيرا ما يقول لي – إذا رآني أختلف إلى مجلس شيخنا محمد بن الحسن بن الوليد رضي الله عنه وأرغب في كتب العلم وحفظه – ليس بعجب أن تكون لك هذه الرغبة في العلم وأنت ولدت […]

Muʿjam al-Aḥādīth al-Muʿtabara, Muhammad b. Ali b. Bilal – Ḥadīth #2

[2/249] al-Kafi: Ali b. Muhammad from Muhammad b. Ali b. Bilal who said: There came to me from Abi Muhammad [al-Askari] عليه السلام [a letter] informing me of the identity of the successor after him two years before his [al-Askari’s] death. Then there came to me [a letter] informing me of the successor after him three days before his death. Comments

al‑Bilali was a highly trusted agent at first, but he went on to deny that Abu Ja’far al-Amri was the Safir of the lesser occultation and claimed the position for himself, leading to his downfall. al-Tusi says about him in his book al-Ghayba in a section titled – المذمومين الذين ادعوا البابية لعنهم الله – ‘the disparaged individuals who claimed Babhood [deputyship to the Final Imam] may Allah curse them’:

ومنهم أبوطاهر محمد بن علي بن بلال وقصته معروفة فيما جرى بينه وبين أبي جعفر محمد بن عثمان العمري نضر الله وجهه وتمسكه بالاموال التي كانت عنده للامام وامتناعه من تسليمها وادعاؤه أنه الوكيل حتى تبرأت الجماعة منه ولعنوه وخرج من صاحب الزمان عليه السلام ماهو معروف

Among them also was Abu Tahir Muhammad b. Ali b. Bilal. The story of what occurred between him and Abi Ja’far Muhammad b. Uthman al-Amri [the second Safir] is famous. He withheld the wealth which was with him for the Imam and refused to hand it over. He claimed that he was the Wakil. This caused a large number to disassociate from him and curse him. There came out from the Master of the Age عليه السلامthat which is well-known [i.e. a Tawqi exposing him].

al-Muhsini: This fall from grace, if it occurred, while not far-fetched in of itself, casts doubt on the authenticity of the Tawqi above [No. 1/-]. There we have him described as ‘Thiqa and trusted one’ despite the Imam having fore-knowledge of his coming deviation. This is improbable. Unless it is said that the Bilali in the Tawqi is different from the one described by al-Tusi. This too is improbable. Another way to reconcile the two would be to hold the position that the ‘Aimma do not know the specifics of every event that is to occur in the future.

[2/249] الكافي: علي بن محمد، عن محمد بن علي بن بلال قال: خرج إلي من أبي محمد عليه السلام قبل مضيه بسنتين يخبرني بالخلف من بعده، ثم خرج إلي من قبل مضيه بثلاثة أيام يخبرني بالخلف من بعده

Muʿjam al-Aḥādīth al-Muʿtabara, Muhammad b. Ali b. Bilal – Ḥadīth #1

[1/-] Rijal al-Kashshi: One of the Thiqat in Naysabur relayed to us that: There came out a signed rescript [Tawqi] from Abi Muhammad عليه السلام to Ishaq b. Ismail saying: O Ishaq b. Ismail … and O Ishaq – read this letter of ours to al-Bilali – may Allah be well pleased with him – for he is the Thiqa and the trusted one, the one who recognizes what is incumbent on him …

[-/1] رجال الكشي: حكى بعض الثقات بنيسابور: أنه خرج لإسحاق بن إسماعيل من أبي محمد عليه السلام توقيع: يا إسحاق بن إسماعيل … و يا إسحاق اقرأ كتابنا على البلالي رضي الله عنه فإنه الثقة المأمون العارف بما يجب عليه …

Muʿjam al-Aḥādīth al-Muʿtabara, Muhammad b. Ali the Commander of the Faithful – Ḥadīth #1

[1/248] Tawhid al-Saduq: Ibn al-Walid from al-Saffar from Ibn Abi al-Khattab from Ibn Bashir from al-Husayn b. Abi Hamza who said: I heard Aba Abdillah عليه السلام saying: My father [al-Baqir] عليه السلام said: Muhammad b. al-Hanafiyya was a man with a fearless heart – and he [the Imam] pointed with his hand [to his chest]. He [Ibn al-Hanafiyya] was making Tawaf around the House [Ka’ba] when Hajjaj encountered him. He [Hajjaj] said: I desire to strike that which holds your eyes [i.e. cut off your head]! Muhammad said to him: Never! Verily Allah – Blessed is His Name – has three hundred moments each day over His creatures [in which his decree is enacted], perhaps one of them [these moments] can get rid of you for me. Comments

Hajjaj was the murderous tyrant who was appointed by the Umayyads to rule Iraq. The bravery of Muhammad b. Ali [Ibn al-Hanafiyya] is well attested in the annals of history [see especially his exploits in the battle of Siffin].

[1/248] توحيد الصدوق: ابن الوليد، عن الصفار، عن ابن أبي الخطاب، عن ابن بشير، عن الحسين بن أبي حمزة قال: سمعت أبا عبد الله عليه السلام يقول: قال أبي عليه السلام: إن محمد بن الحنفية كان رجلا رابط الجأش – وأشار بيده – وكان يطوف بالبيت فاستقبله الحجاج، فقال: قد همت أن أضرب الذي فيه عيناك، قال له محمد: كلا إن الله تبارك اسمه في خلقه في كل يوم ثلاثمائة لحظة أو لمحة، فلعل إحداهن تكفك عني

Muʿjam al-Aḥādīth al-Muʿtabara, Muhammad b. Uthman b. Sa’id al-Amri and his father, the two Envoys of the Hujja, the Qaim – Ḥadīth #3

[3/-] al-Faqih: Via his chain to Abdallah b. Ja’far al-Himyari who said: I asked Muhammad b. Uthman al-Amri رضي الله عنه: Have you seen the Master of this Orderعليه السلام ? He said: Yes. My last meeting with him was at the Sanctified House of Allah [Ka’ba], he was saying: ‘O Allah – fulfill for me what you promised me’. Muhammad b. Uthman رضي الله عنه وأرضاه said: I also saw him صلوات الله عليه clinging to the covering of the Ka’ba at the Mustajar [place of refuge – wall opposite the Yamani corner of the Ka’ba] saying: ‘O Allah – seek revenge for me from your enemies’.

[-/3] الفقيه: باسناده عن عبد الله بن جعفر الحميري قال: سألت محمد بن عثمان العمري رضي الله عنه فقلت له: رأيت صاحب هذا الامر عليه السلام؟ فقال: نعم، وآخر عهدي به عند بيت الله الحرام وهو يقول: اللهم أنجز لي ما وعدتني، قال محمد بن عثمان رضي الله عنه وأرضاه: ورأيته صلوات الله عليه متعلقا بأستار الكعبة في المستجار وهو يقول: اللهم انتقم لي من أعدائك

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