Muʿjam al-Aḥādīth al-Muʿtabara

/Muʿjam al-Aḥādīth al-Muʿtabara

Muʿjam al-Aḥādīth al-Muʿtabara, Isa b. Abdallah al-Qummi – Ḥadīth #1

[1/216] Rijal al-Kashshi: Hamduwayh b. Nusayr from Muhammad b. al-Husayn b. Abi al-Khattab from Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Abi Nasr from Yunus b. Ya`qub who said: Isa b. Abdallah al-Qummi entered in to see Abi Abdillah عليه السلام who proceeded to exhort him about certain things then he [the Imam] bid him farewell and he [Isa] left. The Imam said to his servant: ‘call him back’ so he [the servant] went out after him and he [Isa] returned. He [the Imam] again exhorted him about certain things then bid him farewell and he [Isa] departed. He [the Imam] said to his servant for the second time: ‘call him back’ so he [the servant] went out after him and [when Isa returned] he [the Imam] exhorted him about certain other things then he [the Imam] said: O Isa b. Abdallah – Allah Mighty and Majestic says: “Enjoin your people to prayer” (20:132) and you are from us the Ahl al-Bayt [people of the House], so when the sun is on this side [i.e. west] and is this distant from such and such point in the afternoon then pray six units [of Nafila]. He [Ya`qub] said: then he [the Imam] bid him farewell and kissed the spot in between his [Isa’s] eyes before he [Isa] went his way. Comments

His full name was Isa b. Abdallah b. Sa`d b. Malik. Sa`d [his grandfather] was the first pioneer to reside in Qum [among the Arabs]. They were from the influential Ash`ari tribe which who made Qum a Shi’i stronghold after their migration there. Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Isa, the master of Hadith transmission in Qum, on whose authority al-Kulayni narrates thousands of Hadith in al-Kafi, was the grandson of this Isa under discussion.

This motif of Isa b. Abdallah being from the Ahl al-Bayt [similar to Salman al-Farsi] is also seen in other contexts.

محمد بن مسعود، عن علي بن محمد، عن أحمد بن محمد، عن موسى بن طلحة، عن أبي محمد أخي يونس بن يعقوب عنه قال: كنت بالمدينة فاستقبل جعفر بن محمد عليهما السلام في بعض أزقتها، قال: فقال: اذهب يا يونس فإن بالباب رجل منا أهل البيت، قال: فجئت إلى الباب فإذا عيسى بن عبد الله القمي جالس، قال: فقلت له: من أنت؟ فقال له: أنا رجل من أهل قم، قال: فلم يكن بأسرع من أن أقبل أبو عبد الله عليه السلام، قال: فدخل على الحمار الدار، ثم التفت إلينا فقال: ادخلا ثم قال: يا يونس بن يعقوب أحسبك أنكرت قولي لك إن عيسى بن عبد الله منا أهل البيت قال: قلت: إي و الله جعلت فداك لأن عيسى بن عبد الله رجل من أهل قم، فقال: يا يونس عيسى بن عبد الله هو منا حي و هو منا ميت

Muhammad b. Masud – Ali b. Muhammad – Ahmad b. Muhammad – Musa b. Talha – Abi Muhammad the brother of Yunus b. Ya`qub – Yunus b. Ya`qub who said: I was in Madina when I came across Ja`far b. Muhammad عليهما السلام approaching in one of the […]

Muʿjam al-Aḥādīth al-Muʿtabara, Isa b. Abi Mansur Shalqan – Ḥadīth #1

[1/215] al-Faqih: Muhammad b. al-Hasan from Muhammad b. al-Hasan al-Saffar from Ya`qub b. Yazid from Ibn Abi Umayr from Ibrahim b. Abd al-Hamid from Abdallah b. Sinan from Ibn Abi Ya`fur who said: I was with Abi Abdillah عليه السلام when Isa b. Abi Mansur approached, he [the Imam] said to me: if you want to catch a glimpse of someone who is the best in the world and the best in the hereafter then look at him. Comments

Isa b. Abi Mansur’s elevated status among the Shia becomes very clear from this narration found in the Mashyakha of al-Saduq. The same Matn with similar wording is alternatively transmitted in two reports in al-Kashshi and a single report in the Qurb al-Isnad of al-Himyari. Isa was a Kufan client. His Kuniyya was Abu Salih and Shalqan was his Laqab. His father Abi Mansur’s name was Sabih. He is confirmed as being the companion of al-Sadiqعليه السلام. We have about 13 surviving narrations in our books with this name in the chains.

[1/215] الفقيه: محمد بن الحسن، عن محمد بن الحسن الصفار، عن يعقوب ابن يزيد، عن ابن ابى عمير، عن إبراهيم بن عبد الحميد، عن عبد الله بن سنان، عن ابن أبي يعفور قال: كنت عند أبي عبد الله عليه السلام إذ اقبل عيسى بن أبي منصور فقال لى: إذا أردت أن تنظر خيارا في الدنيا خيارا في الآخرة فانظر اليه

Muʿjam al-Aḥādīth al-Muʿtabara, Ammar b. Yasir – Ḥadīth #1

[1/-] Rijal al-Kashshi: Hamduwayh b. Nusayr and Ibrahim b. Nusayr from Ayyub from Safwan from Mu`awiya b. Ammar and another from Abi Abdillah عليه السلام who said: Ammar b. Yasir and Muhammad b. Abi Bakr could never tolerate that Allah Mighty and Majestic be disobeyed. Comments

Ammar b. Yasir is more famous than to need introduction. Sayyid al-Khoei says in his Mu`jam: the narrations that have come in praise of Ammar are so numerous as to approach Tawatur in their general meaning.

Muhammad b. Abi Bakr will have his own separate section.

I say: these words of the Imam were probably said in the context of the stance taken by both men against Uthman who had let loose his Umayyad relations on the wealth of the Muslims. They could not remain silent even if that was expedient and had to raise their voices and fulfill the obligation of Nahy anil Munkar. Ammar was hit until he developed a hernia in the stomach when he spoke out against Uthman’s innovations. Muhammad b. Abi Bakr played a critical role as the representative of the Egyptians who had come to Madina seeking redress of their grievances from the Caliph and subsequently in the discovery of the treacherous letter.

[-/1] رجال الكشي: حمدويه و إبراهيم ابنا نصير، عن أيوب، عن صفوان، عن معاوية بن عمار و غير واحد، عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام قال: كان عمار بن ياسر و محمد بن أبي بكر لا يرضيان أن يعصي الله عز و جل

Muʿjam al-Aḥādīth al-Muʿtabara, Ammar – Ḥadīth #1

[1/214] al-Kafi: A number of our companions from Ahmad b. Muhammad from Muhammad b. Ismail from Ibrahim b. Abi al-Ballad from Muawiya b. Ammar who said: we were about thirty men in the presence of Abi Abdillah عليه السلام when my father entered in to see him. Abu Abdillah عليه السلام welcomed him, made him sit by his side and turned to him [to talk] for a long time, then Abu Abdillah عليه السلام said: Abi Muawiya has a private request so if you could all leave us, we all stood but my father said to me: return O Muawiya, so I returned. Abu Abdillah عليه السلام said: this one is your son? He [my father] said: yes, he claims that the people of Madina do something which is not permitted for them, he [the Imam] said: what is that? I [Muawiya] said: a Qurashi and a Hashimi woman mounts [a camel] by putting her hand on the head of a black slave and while her forearm is on his neck [for support]. Abu Abdillah عليه السلام said: O son – do you read the Qur’an? I said: yes, he said: read this verse: “there is no blame upon women [to expose themselves to] their fathers or their sons … or those their right hands possess [slaves]” (33:55), then he said: O son, there is no harm if the slave sees the hair and the shin [of a non-Mahram woman]. Comments

The Hadith seems to preserve Muawiya b. Ammar’s first direct verbal exchange with the master under the prodding of his father – a man honoured by the Imam [as can be clearly seen above]. This was to mark the start of a long period of tutelage under the Imam at the end of which Muawiya could be rightfully considered a foremost student of the school of Ahl al-Bayt. Nothing can better demonstrate this last claim than the fact that he has no less than 964 surviving narrations in the four books attributed to him.

al-Najashi says about him:

كان وجها في أصحابنا ومقدما، كثير الشأن، عظيم المحل، ثقة، وكان أبوه عمار ثقة في العامة

He was an eminent one among our companions and having precedence. Very meritorious and of great standing. Trustworthy. His father Ammar was considered trustworthy by the `Amma [proto-Sunnis].

Muawiya b. Ammar’s Kitab al-Hajj [i.e. containing his questions to al-Sadiq on the topic of Hajj] became one of the most widely transmitted books of the early period. A reconstruction of this book which has recently been published proves its comprehensiveness [there is next to no Bab in Hajj where we do not have a Hadith narrated by Muawiya]. In  fact one can claim without exaggeration that the true method of Hajj which the Shia perform today as taught to them by their `Aimma owes a lot to Muawiya’s scholarship.

[1/214] الكافي: عدة من أصحابنا، عن أحمد بن محمد، عن محمد بن إسماعيل، عن إبراهيم بن أبي البلاد، عن معاوية بن عمار قال: كنا عند أبي عبد الله […]

Muʿjam al-Aḥādīth al-Muʿtabara, Ali b. Yaqtin – Ḥadīth #6

[6/213] al-Kafi: Ali b. Ibrahim from his father from Ibn Abi Umayr from Ali b. Yaqtin from Abi al-Hasan Musa عليه السلام. He [Ali b. Yaqtin] said: I said to him: I am fearful because of the supplication of Abi Abdillah عليه السلام against Yaqtin and his off-spring, so he [the Imam] said: O Aba al-Hasan [Ali b. Yaqtin] it is not as you think, verily the believer who arises from the back-bone [lineage] of a disbeliever is like the stone in a clay brick, when rain comes it washes away the clay [dissolves it to mud] but does not harm the stone in any way. Comments

Ali’s father Yaqtin b. Musa (d. 185) was not a follower of the ` Aimma or a sympathizer of the Alids. He was a committed veteran of the ‘Abbasid cause. He participated in the revolution against the Umayyads and served the new Caliphs like al-Saffah, Mansur and Mahdi faithfully. He even carried the head of the pious Sayyid – Husayn b. ‘Alı Sahib Fakhkh who had revolted against the ‘Abbasids to Hadı after his defeat.

We see in this narration that his son, ‘Alı, worried that a curse uttered by Ja‘far al-Sadiq upon those who brought the ‘Abbasids to power may fall on his descendants including himself and al-Kadhim has to explain why this would not extend to him, for he was like a goodly fruit from an accursed tree.

[6/213] الكافي: علي بن إبراهيم، عن أبيه، عن ابن أبي عمير، عن علي بن يقطين، عن أبي الحسن موسى عليه السلام قال: قلت له: إني قد أشفقت من دعوة أبي عبد الله عليه السلام على يقطين وما ولد، فقال: يا أبا الحسن ليس حيث تذهب، إنما المؤمن في صلب الكافر بمنزلة الحصاة في اللبنة يجي المطر فيغسل اللبنة ولا يضر الحصاة شيئا

Muʿjam al-Aḥādīth al-Muʿtabara, Ali b. Yaqtin – Ḥadīth #5

[5/212] Rijal al-Kashshi: Hamduwayh and Ibrahim from Abu Ja`far from al-Hasan b. Ali that: his father Ali b. Yaqtin – may Allah have mercy on him – sent to his female slaves [to hand over to him whatever they possessed of wealth] such that he even carried away their gifts [given to them] by the one who sold them to him [their former master], then he sent to him [al-Kadhim] what he [the Imam] had enjoined on him of [collecting] their [al-Kadhim’s sons’ prospective wives’] dowries, and he added three thousand gold coins for the Walima [public lunch], so it all came to thirteen thousand gold coins in a single installment. Comments

The context of this Hadith is when al-Kadhim عليه السلام wanted to get three or four of his sons, including Abu al-Hasan the Second [al-Ridha] عليه السلام married. He wrote to Ali b. Yaqtin saying: ‘I have delegated preparing their dowries to you’.

We see how hard Ali b. Yaqtin, who was the secret agent of the Imam in the palace of Harun, worked to collect money and risked his life by sending it to him clandestinely. The Imam needed this financial aid because of the restrictions imposed on him and other Alids.

Note that the possessions of a slave do not actually belong to him/her but are considered to be the property of the master who can assume control over them as need be [as was done here by Ali].

[5/212] رجال الكشي: حمدويه وابراهيم، عن أبو جعفر، عن الحسن بن علي: أن أباه علي بن يقطين رحمه‌ الله وجه الى جواريه حتى حمل حباءهن ممن باعه، فوجه اليه بما فرض عليه من مهورهن وزاد ثلاثة آلاف دينار للوليمة، فبلغ ذلك ثلاثة عشر ألف دينار في دفعة واحدة

Muʿjam al-Aḥādīth al-Muʿtabara, Ali b. Yaqtin – Ḥadīth #4

[4/211] Rijal al-Kashshi: Hamduwayh from Muhammad b. Isa from Yunus b. Abd al-Rahman who said: Abu al-Hasan عليه السلام said: of the felicities enjoyed by Ali b. Yaqtin is the fact that I remembered him [supplicated for him] at the Mawqif [the plains of Arafa in the Hajj].

[4/211] رجال الكشي: حمدويه، عن محمد بن عيسى، عن يونس بن عبد الرحمن قال: قال أبو الحسن عليه السلام: من سعادة علي بن يقطين أني ذكرته في الموقف

Muʿjam al-Aḥādīth al-Muʿtabara, Ali b. Yaqtin – Ḥadīth #3

[3/210] Rijal al-Kashshi: Muhammad b. Masud from Muhammad b. Nusayr and Jibril b. Ahmad from Muhammad b. Isa from Yaqub b. Yaqtin who said: I heard Abu al-Hasan al-Khurasani [al-Ridha] عليه السلام say: as for Ali b. Yaqtin then he left [this world] while his master was pleased with him – meaning by that Abu al-Hasan (i.e. al-Kadhim) عليه السلام

[3/210] رجال الكشي: محمد بن مسعود، عن محمد بن نصير و جبريل بن أحمد، عن محمد بن عيسى، عن يعقوب بن يقطين قال: سمعت أبا الحسن الخراساني عليه السلام يقول: أما إن علي بن يقطين مضى و صاحبه عنه راض يعني أبا الحسن عليه السلام

Muʿjam al-Aḥādīth al-Muʿtabara, Ali b. Yaqtin – Ḥadīth #2

[2/209] Rijal al-Kashshi: Muhammad b. Masud from Muhammad b. Isa from al-Hasan b. Mahbub from Abd al-Rahman b. al-Hajjaj who said: I came out one year with a lot of wealth belonging to Abu Ibrahim عليه السلام [in my possession]. Ali b. Yaqtin had also entrusted me with a message asking his [the Imam’s] supplication, so when I finished attending to my duties and handed over the wealth to him – I said: may I be made your ransom, Ali b. Yaqtin requested me to ask you to supplicate for him, he عليه السلام asked: for the hereafter? I said: yes, so he [the Imam] put his hand on his chest and then said: I guarantee for Ali b. Yaqtin that the fire will never touch him.

[2/209] رجال الكشي: محمد بن مسعود، عن محمد بن عيسى، عن الحسن بن محبوب، عن عبد الرحمن بن الحجاج قال: خرجت عاما من الأعوام و معي مال كثير لأبي إبراهيم عليه السلام، و أودعني علي بن يقطين رسالة سأله الدعاء، فلما فرغت من حوائجي و أوصلت المال إليه قلت: جعلت فداك سألني علي بن يقطين أن تدعو الله له فقال: للآخرة؟ قلت: نعم، قال: فوضع يده على صدره ثم قال: ضمنت لعلي بن يقطين ألا تمسه النار

Muʿjam al-Aḥādīth al-Muʿtabara, Ali b. Yaqtin – Ḥadīth #1

[1/208] Rijal al-Kashshi: Muhammad b. Masud from Muhammad b. Nusayr from Muhammad b. Isa from Muhammad b. Abi Umayr from Abd al-Rahman b. al-Hajjaj who said: I said to Abi al-Hasan عليه السلام: Ali b. Yaqtin has sent me to you with a message – he asks that you supplicate for him, he [the Imam] said: concerning the hereafter? I said: yes, so he [the Imam] put his hand on his chest and then said: I guarantee for Ali b. Yaqtin that the fire will never touch him – ever.

[1/208] رجال الكشي: محمد بن مسعود، عن محمد بن نصير، عن محمد بن عيسى، عن محمد بن أبي عمير، عن عبد الرحمن بن الحجاج قال: قلت لأبي الحسن عليه السلام: إن علي بن يقطين أرسلني إليك برسالة أسألك الدعاء له فقال: في أمر الآخرة؟ قلت: نعم قال: فوضع يده على صدره، ثم قال: ضمنت لعلي بن يقطين ألا تمسه النار أبدا

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