The Reward of al-Fātiḥa and its Merit; and that the Basmala is a Āya from it, and its Merit

//The Reward of al-Fātiḥa and its Merit; and that the Basmala is a Āya from it, and its Merit

Al-Burhān Fī Tafsīr al-Qur’ān, The Reward of al-Fātiḥa and its Merit; and that the Basmala is an Āya (verse) from it, and its Merit – Ḥadīth #34

Rabīʿ al-Abrār: al-Zamakhshari in ‘Rabīʿ al-Abrār’ said:

From The Messenger of Allāh صلى الله عليه وآله: No supplication is rejected if it is preceded with In the name of Allāh, The Entirely Merciful, The Especially Merciful (Bismillah al-Raḥmān al-Raḥīm). Indeed my nation (ummah) will come on the Day of Judgement saying In the name of Allāh, The Entirely Merciful, The Especially Merciful (Bismillah al-Raḥmān al-Raḥīm), whereupon their good deeds will increase in weight upon the scales.
The other nations will say: How heavy [in favour of good] is the scales of the nation of Moḥammed صلى الله عليه وآله !
Then the Prophets will say: Indeed, the beginning of their speech is inclusive of three Names from the Names of Allāh, the Most High. If it was placed in one scale, and the evil deeds of all creation placed in the other – indeed, [the scale] would tilt towards their good.

الزمخشري في ( ربيع الأبرار ) : عن النبي ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) : لا يرد دعاء أوله * ( بِسْمِ اللَّه الرَّحْمنِ الرَّحِيمِ ) * فإن أمتي يأتون يوم القيامة ، وهم يقولون : * ( بِسْمِ اللَّه الرَّحْمنِ الرَّحِيمِ ) * فتثقل حسناتهم في الميزان ، فتقول الأمم : ما أرجح موازين أمة محمد ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) ! فيقول الأنبياء : إن ابتداء كلامهم ثلاثة أسماء من أسماء الله تعالى ، لو وضعت في كفة الميزان ، ووضعت سيئات الخلق في كفة أخرى ، لرجحت حسناتهم

Al-Burhān Fī Tafsīr al-Qur’ān, The Reward of al-Fātiḥa and its Merit; and that the Basmala is an Āya (verse) from it, and its Merit – Ḥadīth #33

Munāqib ibn Shahr Āshūb:

It is narrated from a man by the name of ʿAbd al-Raḥmān, who was a teacher for children in Medina. He taught one of the sons of al-Ḥussain عليه السلام, who was named ‘Jaʿfar’. He taught him All praise is due to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds. (al-Ḥamdulillahi Rabb al-ʿĀlamīn) (i.e. al-Fātiḥa).
When his son read it to his father al-Ḥussain عليه السلام, he called for the teacher and gave him one thousand dinars, and one thousand garments, and gave him a plentiful reward (lit. filled his mouth with pearls).
It was said to him: “This [as a compensation] for that?”
He replied: How can what I gave him compare with what he taught my son: ‘All praise is due to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds.’ (al-Ḥamdulillahi Rabb al-ʿĀlamīn) (i.e. al-Fātiḥa). ?

وروي أن رجلا يسمى عبد الرحمن ، كان معلما للأولاد في المدينة ، فعلم ولدا للحسين ( عليه السلام ) يقال له جعفر ، فعلمه * ( الْحَمْدُ لِلَّه رَبِّ الْعالَمِينَ ) * فلما قرأها على أبيه الحسين ( عليه السلام ) استدعى المعلم ، وأعطاه ألف دينار وألف حلة ، وحشا فاه درا ، فقيل له في ذلك ؟ فقال ( عليه السلام ) : وأنى تساوي عطيتي هذه بتعليمه ولدي * ( الْحَمْدُ لِلَّه رَبِّ الْعالَمِينَ ) * ؟

Al-Burhān Fī Tafsīr al-Qur’ān, The Reward of al-Fātiḥa and its Merit; and that the Basmala is an Āya (verse) from it, and its Merit – Ḥadīth #32

Jāmiʿal-Akhbār:

The Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله said: When a teacher says to a young child – “Say In the name of Allāh, The Entirely Merciful, The Especially Merciful (Bismillah al-Raḥmān al-Raḥīm)”, whereupon the young child says In the name of Allāh, The Entirely Merciful, The Especially Merciful (Bismillah al-Raḥmān al-Raḥīm), Allāh will prescribe for the young child, his parents, and the teacher, a clearance (barā’ah) from the Fire.

وقال النبي ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) : إذا قال المعلم للصبي : [ قل : ] * ( بِسْمِ اللَّه الرَّحْمنِ الرَّحِيمِ ) * [ فقال الصبي : * ( بِسْمِ اللَّه الرَّحْمنِ الرَّحِيمِ ) * ] كتب الله براءة للصبي ، وبراءة لأبويه ، وبراءة للمعلم [ من النار ]

Al-Burhān Fī Tafsīr al-Qur’ān, The Reward of al-Fātiḥa and its Merit; and that the Basmala is an Āya (verse) from it, and its Merit – Ḥadīth #31

Jāmiʿal-Akhbār:

The Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله said: When a believer passes upon the Ṣirāt1, he will say: In the name of Allāh, The Entirely Merciful, The Especially Merciful (Bismillah al-Raḥmān al-Raḥīm), whereupon the blaze of the fire is extinguished, and it says: Pass through, oh believer, for indeed your light (nūr) has put out my blaze.

1. al-Ṣirāt (الصراط) is the bridge, hair-line in width, which everyone will have to pass through it on the Day of Judgement.
Some traditions say some people will pass like lighting, some will pass quickly, some will pass walking, some will pass slowly while crawling, being burned by its flames in the process.
There’s a tradition in al-Kāfi, that describes the supplication that Imām ʿAlī عليه السلام would recite while making ablution – where he would wipe his feet and say: Oh Allāh, make my feet firm on the Ṣirāt on the day which many will slip and fall.

وقال النبي ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) : إذا مر المؤمن على الصراط ، فيقول : * ( بِسْمِ اللَّه الرَّحْمنِ الرَّحِيمِ ) * أطفئ لهب النار ، وتقول : جز – يا مؤمن – فإن نورك قد أطفأ لهبة

Al-Burhān Fī Tafsīr al-Qur’ān, The Reward of al-Fātiḥa and its Merit; and that the Basmala is an Āya (verse) from it, and its Merit – Ḥadīth #30

Jāmiʿal-Akhbār:

It was narrated from the Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله that he said: Whoever reads In the name of Allāh, The Entirely Merciful, The Especially Merciful (Bismillah al-Raḥmān al-Raḥīm), Allāh builds for him seventy thousand palaces  in paradise, made out of red ruby; in in each palace are seventy thousand houses made from white pearl; and in each house there’s seventy thousand beds made from green jewels; on top of every bed are blankets and sheets made out of sandas1 and brocade; and upon it is a wife from the heavenly maids2, each one having seventy thousand hair locks which are crowned with pearl and ruby. Written upon her right cheek: ‘Moḥammed is The Messenger of Allāh’; and on her left cheek: ‘ʿAlī is the vicegerent of Allāh ‘; and on her forehead: ‘al-Ḥassan’; and on her chin: ‘al-Ḥussain’ and on her lips: In the name of Allāh, The Entirely Merciful, The Especially Merciful (Bismillah al-Raḥmān al-Raḥīm).
I said: Oh Messenger of Allāh, for who is this honour?
He said: For the one who recites – with respect and honour – In the name of Allāh, The Entirely Merciful, The Especially Merciful (Bismillah al-Raḥmān al-Raḥīm).

 

1. Sandas: Rich fabric with a silky finish woven with a raised pattern and often with gold or silver thread

2. Heavenly maids are mentioned in the Qur’ān and narrations, in Arabic it’s حور العين (Ḥūr al-ʿAyn) which it’s said to literally mean big brown eyes, signifying beauty and attraction.

وروي عن النبي ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) قال : من قرأ * ( بِسْمِ اللَّه الرَّحْمنِ الرَّحِيمِ ) * بنى الله له في الجنة سبعين ألف قصر من ياقوتة حمراء ، في كل قصر سبعون ألف بيت من لؤلؤة بيضاء ، في كل بيت سبعون ألف سرير من زبرجدة خضراء ، فوق كل سرير سبعون ألف فراش من سندس وإستبرق ، وعليه زوجة من حور العين ، ولها سبعون ألف ذؤابة ، مكللة بالدر والياقوت ، مكتوب على خدها الأيمن : محمد رسول الله ، وعلى خدها الأيسر : علي ولي الله ، وعلى جبينها الحسن ، وعلى ذقنها : الحسين ، وعلى شفتيها : * ( بِسْمِ اللَّه الرَّحْمنِ الرَّحِيمِ ) * » . قلت : يا رسول الله ، لمن هذه الكرامة ؟ قال : لمن يقول بالحرمة والتعظيم : ( بِسْمِ اللَّه الرَّحْمنِ الرَّحِيمِ )

 

Al-Burhān Fī Tafsīr al-Qur’ān, The Reward of al-Fātiḥa and its Merit; and that the Basmala is an Āya (verse) from it, and its Merit – Ḥadīth #29

Jāmiʿal-Akhbār: From ibn Masʿūd:

From the Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله who said: In the name of Allāh, The Entirely Merciful, The Especially Merciful (Bismillah al-Raḥmān al-Raḥīm), Allāh will write for him – for every letter – four thousand good deeds, and wipe out four thousand bad deeds, and raise him [in rank] of four thousand levels.

وعن ابن مسعود ، عن النبي ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) ، قال : من قرأ * ( بِسْمِ اللَّه الرَّحْمنِ الرَّحِيمِ ) * كتب الله له بكل حرف أربعة آلاف حسنة ، ومحا عنه أربعة آلاف سيئة ، ورفع له أربعة آلاف درجة

Al-Burhān Fī Tafsīr al-Qur’ān, The Reward of al-Fātiḥa and its Merit; and that the Basmala is an Āya (verse) from it, and its Merit – Ḥadīth #28

Jāmiʿal-Akhbār: From ibn Masʿūd:

From the Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله who said: One who desires for Allāh to save him from the nineteen guardians of Hell1, should recite In the name of Allāh, The Entirely Merciful, The Especially Merciful (Bismillah al-Raḥmān al-Raḥīm), for it consists of nineteen letters, and Allāh will make each letter from it [a means of protection] from each of them.

1. As mentioned in the Qur’ān, there are nineteen angels guarding the hell-fire, or more specifically, Saqar. “Over it (Saqar) are nineteen [angels]. And We have not made the keepers of the Fire except angels. And We have not made their number except as a trial for those who disbelieve – that those who were given the Scripture will be convinced and those who have believed will increase in faith and those who were given the Scripture and the believers will not doubt and that those in whose hearts is hypocrisy and the disbelievers will say, “What does Allah intend by this as an example?” Thus does Allah leave astray whom He wills and guides whom He wills. And none knows the soldiers of your Lord except Him. And mention of the Fire is not but a reminder to humanity.” (al-Muddaththir 74:30-31)

 جامع الأخبار  : عن ابن مسعود ، عن النبي ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) : من أراد أن ينجيه الله من الزبانية التسعة عشر ، فليقرأ * ( بِسْمِ اللَّه الرَّحْمنِ الرَّحِيمِ ) * فإنها تسعة عشر حرفا ، ليجعل الله كل حرف منها عن واحد منهم

Al-Burhān Fī Tafsīr al-Qur’ān, The Reward of al-Fātiḥa and its Merit; and that the Basmala is an Āya (verse) from it, and its Merit – Ḥadīth #27

Amāli of al-Shaykh al-Ṭūsi: With his chain, he said:

al-Ṣādiq عليه السلام said: One who is afflicted with an ailment, let him recite al-Ḥamd (i.e. al-Fātiḥa) in his heart seven times, for indeed it will depart. However, if it does not – then one should recite it seventy times; and I am the guarantor of good health for him.

أمالي الشيخ  بإسناده ، قال : قال الصادق ( عليه السلام ) : من نالته علة ، فليقرأ الحمد في جيبه سبع مرات ، فإن ذهبت ، وإلا فليقرأها سبعين مرة ، وأنا الضامن له العافية

Al-Burhān Fī Tafsīr al-Qur’ān, The Reward of al-Fātiḥa and its Merit; and that the Basmala is an Āya (verse) from it, and its Merit – Ḥadīth #26

Tafsīr al-ʿAyyāshi: From Khālid bin al-Mukhtār who said:

I heard Jaʿfar bin Moḥammed عليه السلام say: What have they done? May Allāh destroy them! They proceeded to the greatest verse of the Book of Allāh, and thought that it would be an innovation (bidʿah) if they made it apparent (i.e. recited it loudly) – and it is In the name of Allāh, The Entirely Merciful, The Especially Merciful (Bismillah al-Raḥmān al-Raḥīm).

عن خالد بن المختار ، قال : سمعت جعفر بن محمد ( عليه السلام ) يقول : ما لهم – قاتلهم الله – عمدوا إلى أعظم آية في كتاب الله ، فزعموا أنها بدعة إذا أظهروها ، وهي ( بِسْمِ اللَّه الرَّحْمنِ الرَّحِيمِ )

Al-Burhān Fī Tafsīr al-Qur’ān, The Reward of al-Fātiḥa and its Merit; and that the Basmala is an Āya (verse) from it, and its Merit – Ḥadīth #25

عن سليمان الجعفري ، قال : سمعت أبا الحسن ( عليه السلام ) يقول : « إذا أتى أحدكم أهله ، فليكن قبل ذلك ملاطفة ، فإنه ألين لقلبها ، وأسل لسخيمتها ، فإذا أفضى إلى حاجته ، قال : * ( بِسْمِ اللَّه ) * ثلاثا ، فإن قدر أن يقرأ أي آية حضرته من القرآن فعل ، وإلا قد كفته التسمية » الحديث .

Tafsīr al-ʿAyyāshi: From Sulaymān al-Jaʿfari who said:

I heard Abā al-Ḥassan عليه السلام say: When any of you come to your wife (lit. household), be gentle towards them; for indeed it it softens her heart, and removes any bitter feelings inside her. When he reaches for his desire (i.e. intends to go and sleep with his wife), he should say In the name of Allāh, The Entirely Merciful, The Especially Merciful (Bismillah al-Raḥmān al-Raḥīm) three times. If he’s able, he should recite any verse from the Qur’ān that comes to his mind – but if not al-Tasmiyya (saying Bismillah al-Raḥmān al-Raḥīm) will suffice for him.1 The ḥadīth continues.

1. There are other narrations that say that before one goes unto their wife, it is recommended to say In the name of Allāh, The Entirely Merciful, The Especially Merciful (Bismillah al-Raḥmān al-Raḥīm).

عن سليمان الجعفري ، قال : سمعت أبا الحسن ( عليه السلام ) يقول : إذا أتى أحدكم أهله ، فليكن قبل ذلك ملاطفة ، فإنه ألين لقلبها ، وأسل لسخيمتها ، فإذا أفضى إلى حاجته ، قال : * ( بِسْمِ اللَّه ) * ثلاثا ، فإن قدر أن يقرأ أي آية حضرته من القرآن فعل ، وإلا قد كفته التسمية – الحديث

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