The First Assembly

//The First Assembly

Al-‘Āmāli, Al-Shaykh al-Ṣadūq, The First Assembly – Ḥadīth #7

It was reported to us by Abū al-ussain Moammed bin Hārūn al-Zanjāni, who said – it was narrated to us by Muʿādh al-Mathna al-ʿanbari, who said – it was narrated to us by ʿAbd Allāh bin ‘Asmā’, who said – it was narrated to us by Juwayriyyah, from Sufyān al-Thowry, from Mansūr, from Abī Wā’il, from Wahb bin Munabbih, who said:

I found in some of the books of Allāh, Mighty and Majestic, that Yūsuf عليه السلام journeyed through in his caravan and came across the wife of al-ʿAziz while she was sitting upon a rubbish dump. She said: “All praise is due to Allāh, who made the rulers as slaves, due to their disobedience – and the slaves as rulers, due to their obedience. Destitution has struck us, so be charitable towards us.”
Yūsuf عليه السلام said: “Belittling the bounties infects its perpetuity, so turn to what makes pure, the filthy transgressions.1 Indeed, the location [that you will find] the answer [to you supplication of returning the bounties] is in the sanctifying of the hearts [from filthy transgressions] and the purifying of the deeds.”
She replied: “I have not yet embodied myself in the state of an abstainer of sin, and I am ashamed that Allāh sees me in the position of supplication while the eye has not yet shed a tear, nor has the body conveyed its regret.”
Yūsuf عليه السلام said to her: “So struggle [for it]! The path [of repentance] is an achievable goal, before time runs out and the fixed term comes to an end.”
She said: That is my conviction, and you will come to know it, if you stay after me.”
He then ordered for her a quintal of gold. She said: “Sustenance is inasmuch as one needs, I am not one [who desires] to return to affluence, while I am imprisoned to resentment.”
A son of Yūsuf said to Yūsuf: “Oh father, who is this person that has broken my heart (lit. frangmented my liver), and has made my heart softened for her?”
He said: “This is a brokenhearted creature, within the ropes of requital.”
Thereafter, Yūsuf عليه السلام married her, and found her to be a virgin. He said: “How so, while you had a spouse?”
She said: “He was limited with destitute movement, while his urinary tract was severely cold.”

وصلى الله على رسوله محمد وآله وسلم

1. Al-Majlisi رحمه الله says: “so turn to what makes pure, the filthy transgressions.” Means to return through repentance, and regret, and seeking forgiveness and make amends for what has happened in the past so that Allāh returns his blessings upon you. [Bihār al-‘Anwār, al-Wasā’ Publications, Beirut (Lebanon), 3rd Print, Printed 1983, Volume 12, Page 254]

أخبرنا أبو الحسين محمد بن هارون الزنجاني، قال: حدثنا معاذ بن المثنى العنبري، قال: حدثنا عبد الله بن أسماء، قال: حدثنا جويرية، عن سفيان الثوري، عن منصور، عن أبي وائل، عن وهب بن منبه، قال: وجدت في بعض كتب الله عز وجل: أن يوسف (عليه السلام) مر في موكبه على امرأة العزيز وهي […]

Al-‘Āmāli, Al-Shaykh al-Ṣadūq, The First Assembly – Ḥadīth #6

It was narrated to us by ʿAlī bin al-ussain bin Shuqayr bin Yaʿqūb bin al-ārith bin Ibrahīm al-Hamdāni in a dwelling in Kūfa who said – it was narrated to us by Abū ʿAbd Allāh Jaʿfar bin Āmed bin Yūsuf al-‘Azdi, who said – it was narrated to us by Bazraj al-Khanā who said – it was narrated to us by ʿAmru bin al-Yasʿ, from Shuʿayb al-adād who said:

I heard al-Ṣādiq عليه السلام say: “Our sayings are difficult [to understand], and perceived difficult. None can bear [our sayings] except:

  1. An Angel of close proximity
  2. A Mursil Prophet
  3. A Believer whose heart has been tested by Allāh for Imaan (belief)
  4. A well-fortified city.”

ʿAmru said: “I said to Shuʿayb: “Oh Abū al-Ḥassan, what is ‘A well-fortified city’?” He said: He said: “I asked al-Ṣādiq عليه السلام so he replied to me ‘the united heart.1’”

1. Al-Majlisi رحمه الله says: A united heart, meaning a heart that cannot be broken down by doubt, desires, nor do baseless fantasies and misguiding myths enter it. The difference between this and the third type is either the way it is expressed (i.e. if you wish describe it like this or if you wish describe it like that) or the first type (i.e. number 3) is referring to the complete believer, and the second (i.e. number 4) are the others who are not complete (in their belief). [Bihār al-‘Anwār, al-Wasā’ Publications, Beirut (Lebanon), 3rd Print, Printed 1983, Volume 2, Page 183]

حدثنا علي بن الحسين بن شقير بن يعقوب بن الحارث بن إبراهيم الهمداني في منزله بالكوفة، قال: حدثنا أبو عبد الله جعفر بن أحمد بن يوسف الأزدي، قال: حدثنا علي بن بزرج الحناط، قال: حدثنا عمرو بن اليسع، عن شعيب الحداد، قال: سمعت الصادق جعفر بن محمد (عليه السلام) يقول: إن حديثنا صعب مستصعب، لا يحتمله إلا ملك مقرب، أو نبي مرسل أو عبد امتحن الله قلبه للايمان، أو مدينة حصينة. قال عمرو: فقلت لشعيب: يا أبا الحسن، وأي شئ المدينة الحصينة؟ قال: فقال: سألت الصادق (عليه السلام) عنها، فقال لي: القلب المجتمع

Al-‘Āmāli, Al-Shaykh al-Ṣadūq, The First Assembly – Ḥadīth #5

It was narrated to us by Āmed bin Yaya al-Makattib, who said – it was narrated to us by Moammed bin al-Qāim, who said – it was narrated to us by Āmed bin Saʿīd al-Dimishqi, who said – it was narrated to be by al-Zubair bin Bukār, who said – it was narrated to us by Moammed bin al-Dhaḥḥāk, from Nawfil bin ʿAmārah, who said:

Quṣay bin Kalāb exhorted his sons, and said: “Oh my sons, beware of drinking wine, for even though it improves the condition of the bodies, it destroys the minds.”

حدثنا أحمد بن يحيى المكتب، قال: حدثنا محمد بن القاسم، قال: حدثنا أحمد بن سعيد الدمشقي قال: حدثنا الزبير بن بكار، قال: حدثنا محمد بن الضحاك، عن نوفل بن عمارة، قال: أوصى قصي بن كلاب بنيه، فقال: يا بني، إياكم وشرب الخمر، فإنها إن أصلحت الأبدان، أفسدت الأذهان

Al-‘Āmāli, Al-Shaykh al-Ṣadūq, The First Assembly – Ḥadīth #4

It was narrated to us by al-assan bin ʿAbd Allāh bin Saʿīd al-ʿAskari, who said – it was narrated to us by Abū Bakr Moammed bin al-assan bin Darīd, who said – it was narrated to us by Abū al-atm, from al-ʿAtabi (i.e. Moammed bin ʿUbayd Allāh), from his father, who said – and it was also reported to us that ʿAbd Allāh bin Shabīb al-Bari, who said – it was narrated to us by Zakariyya bin Yaya al-Monqari, who said – it was narrated to us by al-ʿAlā’ bin al-Fadhl,1 from his father, from his grandfather, who said – Qays bin ʿĀim said:

I visited the Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله with a group of people from the tribe of Tamīm, and we entered and with him was al-Ṣalṣal bin al-Dalhamas. I said to him: “Oh Prophet of Allāh, advise us on a topic that will benefit us, for we are a people who dwell in the desert wasteland.”
The Messenger of Allāh صلى الله عليه وآله said: “Oh Qays, indeed with conceit comes humiliation, and indeed with life comes death, and indeed with this worldly life (al-Dunya) comes the afterlife (al-Ākhira), and indeed for everything there is accountability, and over everything there is a guardian, and indeed for every good [deed] there is a reward, and for every evil [deed] there is a punishment, and for every appointed term it is written.
“Indeed it is a certainty there will be for you, Oh Qays, a companion who will be buried with you and he will be alive, and you will be buried with him while you are dead. So, if he was honourable, he will honour you, and if he was depraved, he will degrade you. Then he will not be resurrected except with you, and you will not be resurrected except with him. You will not be questioned except through him, so do not take him [as a companion] anyone other than a righteous [person]. Indeed, for if he were righteous, you will find cordiality in him, but if he were depraved, you would not feel desolate except from him. He (the companion) is your deeds.”
He (the narrator) said: “Oh Prophet of Allāh صلى الله عليه وآله, I would love that these words were to be put in a few verses of poetry, so that we glorify them upon those arabs who are nearby to us, and also preserve it. So the Prophet6ordered Ḥisān to do so.”
He (al-Ṣalṣal bin al-Dalhamas)2 said: “At this point, I embarked on pondering over a poetry that was similar to this exhortation, so I settled upon a statement before Ḥisān arrived, so I said: Oh Messenger of Allāh صلى الله عليه وآله, I have arranged some verses that I consider consistent what you want, so I recited to Qays:

You choose your company by your actions so that,
you have a companion in your grave by what you have done,

And after death you have no alternative,
on the day men are called forth – so he accepts,

So if […]

Al-‘Āmāli, Al-Shaykh al-Ṣadūq, The First Assembly – Ḥadīth #3

It was narrated to us by Abū al-Qāim al-assan bin Moammed al-Sakūni, who said – it was narrated to us from al-Khadhrami, who said – it was narrated to us by Yaya al-Hamāni, who said – it was narrated to be by Abū ʿOwānah, from Abī Balj, from ʿAmru bin Maymūn, from ibn ʿAbbās who said:

The Messenger of Allāh صلى الله عليه وآله said: “ʿAlī is the Master (wali) of every believer after me.”

حدثنا أبو القاسم الحسن بن محمد السكوني، قال: حدثنا الحضرمي، قال: حدثنا يحيى الحماني، قال: حدثنا أبو عوانة، عن أبي بلج، عن عمرو بن ميمون، عن ابن عباس، قال: قال رسول الله (صلى الله عليه وآله): علي ولي كل مؤمن بعدي

 

Al-‘Āmāli, Al-Shaykh al-Ṣadūq, The First Assembly – Ḥadīth #2

From al-assan bin Moammed bin al-assan bin Ismāʿīl al-Sakūni in a dwelling in Kūfa who said – it was narrated to us by Ibrāhīm bin Moammed  bin Yaya al-Nisābūri, who said – it was narrated to us by Abū Jaʿfar ibn al-Sirri and Abū Nar bin Mūsa bin Ayūb al-Khilāl, who said – it was narrated to us by ʿAlī bin Saʿīd, who said it was narrated to us by Dhamarah bin Shawdhib, from Maar, from Shahr bin owshab, from Abī Huraira, who said:

Whoever fasts on the eighteenth day of Dhul-Ḥijjah, Allāh writes for him [the reward] of sixty months. It (the eighteenth day of Dhul-Ḥijjah) is the day of Ghadīr Khum, when the Messenger of Allāh صلى الله عليه وآله took the hand of ʿAlī bin Abī Ṭālib عليه السلام and said: “Do I not have preference [in authority] over the believers [than themselves]?” they replied: “Yes, Oh Messenger of Allāh.” He [then] said: “Whosoever I am the master (mawla) of, then ʿAlī is his master.”
Thereafter, ʿUmar [bin al-Khaṭṭāb] said to him (Alī): “Well, well, Oh son of Abī Ṭālib, you have become my master and the master of all Muslims.”
Allāh, Mighty and Majestic, then sent down the ayah: {Today I have perfected your religion for you.}1

1. Al-Mā’ida (5:3)

حدثنا الحسن بن محمد بن الحسن بن إسماعيل السكوني في منزله بالكوفة، قال: حدثني إبراهيم بن محمد بن يحيى النيسابوري، قال: حدثنا أبو جعفر ابن السري وأبو نصر بن موسى بن أيوب الخلال، قال: حدثنا علي بن سعيد، قال: حدثنا ضمرة بن شوذب، عن مطر، عن شهر بن حوشب، عن أبي هريرة، قال: من صام يوم ثمانية عشر من ذي الحجة، كتب الله له صيام ستين شهرا، وهو يوم غدير خم، لما أخذ رسول الله  (صلى الله عليه وآله) بيد علي بن أبي طالب (عليه السلام) وقال: يا أيها الناس، ألست أولى بالمؤمنين؟ قالوا: نعم يا رسول الله، قال: من كنت مولاه فعلي مولاه، فقال له عمر: بخ بخ يا بن أبي طالب، أصبحت مولاي ومولى كل مسلم، فأنزل الله عز وجل: (اليوم أكملت لكم دينكم)

Al-‘Āmāli, Al-Shaykh al-Ṣadūq, The First Assembly – Ḥadīth #1

From a chain up until Al-Shaykh al-adūq (Abū Jaʿfar Moammed bin ʿAlī bin al-ussain bin Mūsa bin Bābawayh al-Qummi رضي الله عنه) on the day of Friday, twelve nights left from [the month of] Rajab, the year 367, who said – it was narrated to me by the Shaykh Yaya bin Zayd bin al-ʿAbbās bin al-Walīd al-Bazāz in Kūfa, who said – it was narrated to us by my uncle ʿAlī bin al-ʿAbbās, who said – it was narrated to be by Ibrāhīm bin Bishr bin Khālīd al-ʿAbdi, who said – it was narrated to us by ʿAmru bin Khālīd, who said – it was narrated to us by Abū amza al-Thamāli,

from ʿAlī bin al-Ḥussain عليهما السلام, who said: Good speech increases wealth, expands sustenance, delays the time of death, makes one more lovable towards his family, and enters one into paradise.

أخبرنا الشيخ الامام الناقد، عين الدين، جمال الأئمة، فريد العصر، أبو القاسم أحمد بن حمزة النعيمي (أطال الله بقاءه)، أخبرنا الشيخ الامام العالم الزاهد موفق الدين، ركن الاسلام، أبو الحسن علي بن محمد بن أبي الحسن بن عبد الصمد التميمي (رضي الله عنه)، أخبرنا الشيخ الفقيه العالم زين الدين والدي، أخبرنا الشيخ الفقيه العالم الوالد أبو الحسن علي بن عبد الصمد بن محمد التميمي، أخبرنا السيد الجليل العالم أبو البركات علي بن الحسين العلوي الجوري (نور الله ضريحه) والشيخ أبو بكر محمد ابن أحمد بن علي (رحمه الله)، قالا: حدثنا الشيخ الفقيه أبو جعفر محمد بن علي بن الحسين بن موسى بن بابويه القمي (رضي الله عنه) يوم الجمعة لاثنتي عشرة ليلة بقيت من رجب سنة سبع وستين وثلاثمائة، قال: حدثنا الشيخ يحيى بن زيد بن العباس بن الوليد البزاز بالكوفة، قال: حدثنا عمي علي بن العباس، قال: حدثنا إبراهيم بن بشر بن خالد العبدي، قال: حدثنا عمرو بن خالد، قال: حدثنا أبو حمزة الثمالي، عن علي بن الحسين (عليهما السلام)، قال: القول الحسن يثري المال، وينمي الرزق، وينسئ في الاجل، ويحبب إلى الأهل، ويدخل الجنة

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