Al-‘Āmāli

/Al-‘Āmāli

Al-‘Āmāli, Al-Shaykh al-Ṣadūq, The Fifteenth Assembly – Ḥadīth #11

It was narrated to us by Moḥammed bin ʿUmar al-Ḥāfdh al-Baghdādi, who said – it was narrated to us by Abū ʿAbd Allāh Moḥammed bin Aḥmed bin Thābit bin Kanānah, who said – it was narrated to us by Moḥammed bin al-Ḥassan bin al-ʿAbbās Abū Jaʿfar al-Khuzāʿi, who said – it was narrated to us by Ḥassan bin al-Ḥussain al-ʿarzi, who said – it was narrated to us by ʿAmru bin Thābit, from ʿAṭā’ bin al-Sā’ib, from Abī Yaḥya, from ibn ʿAbbās, who said:

The Messenger of Allāh got up on the pulpit and began giving a sermon, and the people gathered to him. He صلى الله عليه وآله said: Oh gathering of believers, indeed Allāh, Mighty and Majestic, has revealed to me that [my life] will be taken from me, and that my nephew, ʿAlī, will be killed. Indeed, oh people, I will inform you of some news which if you understand [and follow] you will be safe, and if you neglect it you will perish. Indeed my newphew, ʿAlī, is my brother and vizier; and he is my caliph; and he is my emissary; and he is the imām of the god-conscious and the Commander of al-Ghurr al-Muḥajjalīn.1 If you seek his guidance he will guide you, and if you follow him he will deliver you. However, If you oppose him you will be misguided, while if you obey him then you would be obeying Allāh, and if you disobey him you would be disobeying Allāh. If you give allegiance to him you would be giving allegiance to Allāh, and if you breach your allegiance with you you would have breached your allegiance with Allāh. Indeed, Allāh, Mighty and Majestic, brought down the Qur’ān upon me, and He is the one who whomsoever opposes is misguided, and whoever aspires for His knowledge from other than ʿAlī has perished. Oh people! listen to my words, and understand the rights of my exhortation! Do not oppose me in regards to my household except with what I have commanded you with in terms of protecting them. Indeed they are my elite and close family members, and my brothers and sons. Indeed you are tied with and held accountable for al-Thaqalayn, so pay attention to how you oppose me in it! Indeed they are my household, so whoever annoys them annoys me, and whoever oppresses them oppresses me. Whoever hurts them hurts me, and whoever honours them honours me. Whoever supports them supports me, and whoever betrays them betrays me. Whoever seeks guidance from other then them has in fact rejected me. Oh people, fear Allāh! And see what will you say when you meet Him! Indeed I am adversaries with whoever hurts them; and whoever I am adversaries with I have triumphed over them! I say these words that I have said to you and seek forgiveness from Allāh for you and for myself.

وصلى الله على رسوله محمد وآله

1. Al-Ghurr al-Muḥajjalīn: See footnote 1 in ḥadīth #6 from the […]

Al-‘Āmāli, Al-Shaykh al-Ṣadūq, The Fifteenth Assembly – Ḥadīth #10

It was narrated to us by Moḥammed bin Ibrāhīm رحمه الله, who said – it was reported to us by Aḥmed bin Moḥammed al-Hamdāni, from ʿAlī bin al-Ḥassan bin ʿAlī bin Fadhāl, from his father:1

From Abī al-Ḥassan ʿAlī bin Mūsa al-Ridha عليه السلام whereupon a man from the people of Khorasān said to him: Oh son of the Messenger of Allāh, I saw the Messenger of Allāh صلى الله عليه وآله in my dream, as if he was saying to me: ‘What will be your condition when a part of me will be buried in your land, and you are made to be protectors of my trustee, and my star will be hidden amongst your increased numbers?’
Al-Ridha عليه السلام said: I am the one that will be buried in your land, and I am the one that is a part of your prophet, and I am the one who is the trustee and the star. Unquestionably, whoever visits me while having cognizance of what Allāh, Blessed and High, has made obligatory in regards to my rights and obedience – then my fathers and I will be his intercessors on the Day of Judgement. Whoever we are the intercessors of, he will be saved even if upon him is the like of the heavy burden of sins of all jinn and man. Indeed my father narrated to me, from my grandfather, from his father عليهم السلام that the Messenger of Allāh صلى الله عليه وآله said: ‘Whoever sees me in his dream then he has indeed seen me,2 because Shayṭān cannot manifest himself in my image, nor in the image of anyone of my successors, nor in the image of anyone of their Shiʿa. Indeed a truthful vision is one portion from the seventy portions of prophethood.’

1. Al-Shaykh Hādi al-Najafi says this ḥadīth has a reliable (muwathaq) chain [Mawsūʿat al-Aḥādīth ahl al-Bayt, Volume 4, Page 100]. Al-Moḥsini also states the chain is reliable, although states there needs to be much discussion regarding its contents [Mashraʿat Biḥār al-Anwār, Volume 2, Page 481]. We see no issues with its contents.
2. Whoever sees me in his dream then he has indeed seen me: Ḥaydar Ḥubb Allāh says – this requires a long discussion. Indeed some of our scholars have weakened this narration, from memory such as al-Sayed al-Murtadha, while others, like al-ʿAllamah al-Majlisi, tried to anagogically interpret it and limit it to certain instances.

حدثنا محمد بن إبراهيم ( رحمه الله ) ، قال : أخبرنا أحمد بن محمد الهمداني ، عن علي بن الحسن بن علي بن فضال ، عن أبيه ، عن أبي الحسن علي بن موسى الرضا ( عليه السلام ) أنه قال له رجل من أهل خراسان : يا بن رسول الله ، رأيت رسول الله ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) في المنام كأنه يقول لي : كيف أنتم إذا دفن في أرضكم بضعتي ، واستحفظتم وديعتي ، وغيب في ثراكم نجمي ؟ فقال له الرضا ( عليه السلام ) : […]

Al-‘Āmāli, Al-Shaykh al-Ṣadūq, The Fifteenth Assembly – Ḥadīth #9

It was narrated to us by Moḥammed bin al-Ḥassan رحمه الله, who said – it was narrated to us by Moḥammed bin al-Ḥassan al-Ṣaffār, from Aḥmed bin Moḥammed bin ʿĪsa, from Aḥmed bin Moḥammed bin Abī Naṣr al-Bazanṭi, who said:1

I read in the book of Abī al-Ḥassan al-Ridha عليه السلام: Tell my Shiʿa that visitation of me is equivalent with Allāh, Mighty and Majestic, to one thousand ḥajjs.
He (the narrator) said: I asked Abī Jaʿfar عليه السلام: One thousand ḥajjs?
He replied: Yes – by Allāh – one million ḥajjs for the one who visits him while having cognizance of his rights!

1. Al-Shaykh Hādi al-Najafi says this ḥadīth has an authentic chain [Mawsūʿat al-Aḥādīth ahl al-Bayt, Volume 4, Page 430]. Al-Moḥsini also states the chain is reliable, although states there needs to be much discussion regarding its contents [Mashraʿat Biḥār al-Anwār, Volume 2, Page 481]. We see no issues with its contents.

حدثنا محمد بن الحسن ( رحمه الله ) ، قال : حدثنا محمد بن الحسن الصفار ، عن أحمد بن محمد بن عيسى ، عن أحمد بن محمد بن أبي نصر البزنطي ، قال : قرأت في كتاب أبي الحسن الرضا ( عليه السلام ) : أبلغ شيعتي أن زيارتي تعدل عند الله عز وجل ألف حجة . قال : قلت لأبي جعفر ( عليه السلام ) : ألف حجة ؟ قال : إي والله ، وألف ألف حجة لمن زاره عارفا بحقه .

Al-‘Āmāli, Al-Shaykh al-Ṣadūq, The Fifteenth Assembly – Ḥadīth #8

It was narrated to us by Moḥammed bin Mūsa bin al-Mutawakkil رحمه الله, who said – it was narrated to us by ʿAlī bin Ibrāhīm, from his father, from Abī al-Ṣalt ʿAbd al-Salām bin Ṣāliḥ al-Harawi, who said:1

I heard al-Ridha عليه السلام say: By Allāh, there is none of us2 except that we are killed as martyrs.
He was asked: So who will kill you, oh son of the Messenger of Allāh?
He replied: The most evil of Allāh’s creation3 within my era will kill me with poison, then will bury me in a deserted house and abandoned land. Verily, whoever visits me in my estrangement, Allāh, Mighty and Majestic, writes for him the reward of one hundred thousand martyrs, and one hundred thousand truthful ones, and one hundred thousand ḥajjs and ʿumrahs, and one hungred thousand fighters in the way of Allāh. He will be resurrected within our ranks and will be put in the high levels of Paradise as our comrade.

1. al-Moḥsini states the chain is reliable, although raises questions about its contents [Mashraʿat Biḥār al-Anwār, Volume 2, Page 481]. We see no issues with its contents.
2. There is discussions on what ‘us’ refers to, but the popular opinion is that it refers to all of the fourteen infallibles.
3. In reference to al-Ma’mūn.

حدثنا محمد بن موسى بن المتوكل ( رحمه الله ) ، قال : حدثنا علي بن إبراهيم ، عن أبيه ، عن أبي الصلت عبد السلام بن صالح الهروي ، قال : سمعت الرضا ( عليه السلام ) يقول : والله ما منا إلا مقتول شهيد . فقيل له : فمن يقتلك يا بن رسول الله ؟ قال : شر خلق الله في زماني ، يقتلني بالسم ، ثم يدفنني في دار مضيعة وبلاد غربة ، ألا فمن زارني في غربتي كتب الله عز وجل له أجر مائة ألف شهيد ومائة ألف صديق ومائة ألف حاج ومعتمر ومائة ألف مجاهد ، وحشر في زمرتنا ، وجعل في الدرجات العلى من الجنة رفيقنا .

Al-‘Āmāli, Al-Shaykh al-Ṣadūq, The Fifteenth Assembly – Ḥadīth #7

It was narrated to us by Moḥammed bin Ibrāhīm رحمه الله, who said – it was narrated to us by Aḥmed bin Moḥammed  al-Hamdāni, who said – it was reported to us by ʿAlī bin al-Ḥassan bin ʿAlī bin Fadhāl, from his father:1

From Abī al-Ḥassan ʿAlī bin Mūsa al-Ridha عليه السلام, whereupon he said: Indeed, in Khorasān there is a place that a time will come upon it where it will have angels come and go. There won’t be a moment where a group of them descends from the skies and a group of them ascend, until the trumpet is blown.
He was asked: Oh son of the Messenger of Allāh, which place is this?
He said: It is in the land of Ṭūs, and it is – by Allāh – from the gardens of Paradise. Whoever visits me in this place, it is as if he also visited the Messenger of Allāh صلى الله عليه وآله; and Allāh, Blessed and High, writes for him the reward of one thousand accepted Ḥajjs and one thousand accepted ʿumrahs; and He prescribes that my forefathers and I will be intercessors for him on the Day of Judgement.

1. This narration has a reliable chain. al-Shaykh Hādi al-Najafi says this ḥadīth has a reliable (mawathaq) chain [Mawsūʿat al-Aḥādīth ahl al-Bayt, Volume 4, Page 431].

حدثنا محمد بن إبراهيم ( رحمه الله ) ، قال : حدثنا أحمد بن محمد الهمداني ، قال : أخبرنا علي بن الحسن بن علي بن فضال ، عن أبيه ، عن أبي الحسن علي بن موسى الرضا ( عليه السلام ) أنه قال : إن بخراسان لبقعة يأتي عليها زمان تصير مختلف الملائكة ، فلا يزال فوج ينزل من السماء وفوج يصعد إلى أن ينفخ في الصور . فقيل له : يا بن رسول الله ، وأية بقعة هذه ؟ قال : هي بأرض طوس ، وهي والله روضة من رياض الجنة ، من زارني في تلك البقعة كان كمن زار رسول الله ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) ، وكتب الله تبارك وتعالى له بذلك ثواب ألف حجة مبرورة وألف عمرة مقبولة ، وكنت أنا وآبائي شفعاؤه يوم القيامة .

Al-‘Āmāli, Al-Shaykh al-Ṣadūq, The Fifteenth Assembly – Ḥadīth #6

It was narrated to us by Moḥammed bin Ibrāhīm bin ‘Isḥāq رحمه الله, who said – it was narrated to us by ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz ibn Yaḥya, who said – it was narrated to us by Moḥammed bin Zakariya, who said – it was narrated to us by Moḥammed bin ʿAmārah, from his father, from al-Ṣādiq Jaʿfar bin Moḥammed, from his father, from his forefathers عليهم السلام, who said:1

The Messenger of Allāh صلى الله عليه وآله said: A part of me2 shall be buried in the land of Khorasān. No believer will visit it except that Allāh will make Paradise obligatory for him, and his body will be made forbidden from the Fire.

1. al-Moḥsini states the chain is reliable, although raises questions about its contents [Mashraʿat Biḥār al-Anwār, Volume 2, Page 481]. We see no issues with its contents.
2. In reference to Imām al-Ridha عليه السلام.

حدثنا محمد بن إبراهيم بن إسحاق ( رحمه الله ) ، قال : حدثنا عبد العزيز ابن يحيى ، قال : حدثنا محمد بن زكريا ، قال : حدثنا محمد بن عمارة ، عن أبيه ، عن الصادق جعفر بن محمد ، عن أبيه ، عن آبائه ( عليهم السلام ) ، قال : قال رسول الله ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) : ستدفن بضعة مني بأرض خراسان ، لا يزورها مؤمن إلا أوجب الله عز وجل له الجنة ، وحرم جسده على النار .

Al-‘Āmāli, Al-Shaykh al-Ṣadūq, The Fifteenth Assembly – Ḥadīth #5

It was narrated to us by Aḥmed bin Moḥammed bin Yaḥya al-ʿAṭṭār, who said – it was narrated to us by Saʿd bin ʿAbd Allāh, from al-Qāsim bin Moḥammed al-Aṣbahāni, from Sulaymān bin Dāwūd al-Manqary, from Ḥafṣ ibn Ghayāth, who said:

I said to al-Ṣādiq Jaʿfar bin Moḥammed عليه السلام: Inform me about the statement of Allāh, Mighty and Majestic: {The Month of Ramadhān [is that] in which was revealed the Qur’ān};1 how was the Qur’ān revealed in the Month of Ramadhān, while the Qur’ān was revealed over a period of twenty years between its first [revelation] and its last?
He عليه السلام replied: The Qur’ān was revealed in its entirety in the Month of Ramadhān to the ever-prosperous house (Bayt al-Maʿmūr), then from the ever-prosperous house [it was revealed] over a period of twenty years.

1. al-Baqarah (2:185)

حدثنا أحمد بن محمد بن يحيى العطار ، قال : حدثنا سعد بن عبد الله ، عن القاسم بن محمد الأصبهاني ، عن سليمان بن داود المنقري ، عن حفص ابن غياث ، قال : قلت للصادق جعفر بن محمد ( عليه السلام ) : أخبرني عن قول الله عز وجل : ( شهر رمضان الذي أنزل فيه القرآن ) ، كيف أنزل القرآن في شهر رمضان ، وإنما أنزل القرآن في مدة عشرين سنة ، أوله وآخره ؟ فقال ( عليه السلام ) : أنزل القرآن جملة واحدة في شهر رمضان إلى البيت المعمور ، ثم أنزل من البيت المعمور في مدة عشرين سنة .

Al-‘Āmāli, Al-Shaykh al-Ṣadūq, The Fifteenth Assembly – Ḥadīth #4

It was narrated to us by Aḥmed bin ʿAlī bin Ibrāhīm رحمه الله, who said – it was narrated to us by my father, from his father Ibrāhīm bin Hāshim, from ʿAbd Allāh bin al-Mughīra, from ʿAmru al-Shāmi:

From al-Ṣādiq Jaʿfar bin Moḥammed عليهما السلام, who said: {Indeed, the number of months with Allah is twelve [lunar] months in the register of Allah [from] the day He created the heavens and the earth}.1 So the beginning of the months is the Month of Allāh – and that is the Month of Ramadhān. The heart of the Month of Ramadhān is the night of Power (al-Qadr). The Qur’ān came down in the first night of the Month of Ramadhān, so welcome the month with the Qur’ān.

1. al-Tawbah (9:36)

حدثنا أحمد بن علي بن إبراهيم ( رحمه الله ) ، قال : حدثنا أبي ، عن أبيه إبراهيم بن هاشم ، عن عبد الله بن المغيرة ، عن عمرو الشامي ، عن الصادق جعفر بن محمد ( عليهما السلام ) ، قال ( إن عدة الشهور عند الله اثنا عشر شهرا في كتاب الله يوم خلق السماوات والأرض ) فغرة الشهور شهر الله عز وجل ، وهو شهر رمضان ، وقلب شهر رمضان ليلة القدر ، ونزل القرآن في أول ليلة من شهر رمضان فاستقبل الشهر بالقرآن .

Al-‘Āmāli, Al-Shaykh al-Ṣadūq, The Fifteenth Assembly – Ḥadīth #3

It was narrated to us by Moḥammed bin al-Ḥassan bin Aḥmed bin al-Walīd رضي الله عليه, who said – it was narrated to us by Moḥammed bin al-Ḥassan al-Ṣaffār, from Aḥmed bin Moḥammed bin ʿĪsa, from al-Ḥassan bin Mūsa, from Ghiyāth bin Ibrāhīm, from al-Ṣādiq Jaʿfar bin Moḥammed, from his father, from his forefathers عليهم السلام, who said:

The Messenger of Allāh صلى الله عليه وآله said: Indeed, Allāh, Blessed and High, disliked for me six characteristics, and I disliked them for the successors after me from my progeny, and their followers:
1. Frivoling in prayers,
2. Obscenity while fasting,
3. Seeking praise after giving charity,
4. Going to the mosque in the state of janabah,
5. Looking to the homes [of others],
6. Laughing between graves.

حدثنا محمد بن الحسن بن أحمد بن الوليد ( رضي الله عليه ) ، قال : حدثنا محمد بن الحسن الصفار ، عن أحمد بن محمد بن عيسى ، عن الحسن بن موسى ، عن غياث بن إبراهيم ، عن الصادق جعفر بن محمد ، عن أبيه ، عن آبائه ( عليهم السلام ) ، قال : قال رسول الله ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) : إن الله تبارك وتعالى كره لي ست خصال وكرهتهن للأوصياء من ولدي وأتباعهم من بعدي : العبث في الصلاة ، والرفث في الصوم ، والمن بعد الصدقة ، وإتيان المساجد جنبا ، والتطلع في الدور ، والضحك بين القبور .

Al-‘Āmāli, Al-Shaykh al-Ṣadūq, The Fifteenth Assembly – Ḥadīth #2

It was narrated to us by my father رحمه الله, who said – it was narrated to us by ʿAlī bin Mūsa al-Kamandāni, who said – it was narrated to us by Aḥmed bin Moḥammed binʿĪsa, from ʿAlī bin al-Ḥussain, from Moḥammed bin ʿUbayd, from ʿUbayd bin Hārūn, who said – it was narrated to us by Abū Yazīd, from Ḥuṣṣain, from al-Ṣādiq Jaʿfar bin Moḥammed, from his father, from his forefathers عليهم السلام, who said:

‘Amīr al-Mu’minīn عليه السلام said: Upon you [is the responsibility] of seeking forgiveness and supplication in abundance during the Month of Ramadhān. As for supplication, it prevents calamities falling upon you. As for seeking forgiveness, it wipes away your sins.

حدثنا أبي ( رحمه الله ) ، قال : حدثنا علي بن موسى الكمنداني ، قال : حدثنا أحمد بن محمد بن عيسى ، عن علي بن الحسين ، عن محمد بن عبيد ، عن عبيد بن هارون ، قال : حدثنا أبو يزيد ، عن حصين ، عن الصادق جعفر بن محمد ، عن أبيه ، عن آبائه ( عليهم السلام ) ، قال : قال أمير المؤمنين ( عليه السلام ) : عليكم في شهر رمضان بكثرة الاستغفار والدعاء ، فأما الدعاء فيدفع عنكم به البلاء ، وأما الاستغفار فتمحى به ذنوبكم .

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