Al-‘Āmāli

/Al-‘Āmāli

Al-‘Āmāli, Al-Shaykh al-Ṣadūq, The Thirteenth Assembly – Ḥadīth #7

It was narrated to us by ʿAlī bin Aḥmed bin ʿAbd Allāh bin Aḥmed bin Abī ʿAbd Allāh al-Barqi, who said – it was narrated to us by my father, from Aḥmed bin Abī ʿAbd Allāh, from Abī Ayūb Sulaymān bin Maqabil al-Madīni, from Moḥammed bin Abī ʿUmayr, from Hishām bin Sālim:

From al-Ṣādiq Jaʿfar bin Moḥammed عليهم السلام, who said: Whoever affiliates with one who is a carper to us, or praises one who is abhorrent to us, or makes ties with one who is cut off from us, or cuts off ties with one who has made ties with us, or befriends one who is an enemy to us, or has enmity with one who is friends with us – indeed he has disbelieved in the One who brought down the seven repeated verses1 and the mighty Qur’ān.

1. The seven repeated verses (al-Sabʿ al-Mathāni) is usually considered in reference to al-Fātiḥa. Al-Mathāni is more literally translated as twice. Scholars have stated that al-Fātiḥa is given this title because it is repeated twice in every obligatory prayers. The other opinion is that it was revealed twice, once in Mekka and once in Medina.

حدثنا علي بن أحمد بن عبد الله بن أحمد بن أبي عبد الله البرقي ، قال : حدثنا أبي ، عن أحمد بن أبي عبد الله ، عن أبي أيوب سليمان بن مقبل المديني ، عن محمد بن أبي عمير ، عن هشام بن سالم ، عن الصادق جعفر بن محمد ( عليهم السلام ) ، قال : من جالس لنا عائبا ، أو مدح لنا قاليا ، أو واصل لنا قاطعا ، أو قطع لنا واصلا ، أو والى لنا عدوا ، أو عادى لنا وليا فقد كفر بالذي أنزل السبع المثاني والقرآن العظيم .

Al-‘Āmāli, Al-Shaykh al-Ṣadūq, The Thirteenth Assembly – Ḥadīth #6

It was narrated to me by Moḥammed bin Mūsa bin al-Mutawakkil رحمه الله, who said – it was narrated to me by ʿAlī bin al-Ḥussain al-Saʿd  Ābādi, who said – it was narrated to me by Aḥmed Abī bin ʿAbd Allāh al-Barqi, from his father, from Moḥammed ibn Ziyād, from Ābān and others:

From al-Ṣādiq Jaʿfar bin Moḥammed عليهما السلام, who said: Whoever completes his [month of] fasting with a righteous statement or a righteous action, Allāh will accept his fasts from him.
It was asked: Oh son of the Messenger of Allāh, what is the righteous statement?
He replied: The testimony of ‘there is no god by Allāh’; and the righteous action is the payment of the fast-breaking alms (al-fiṭrah).

حدثنا محمد بن موسى بن المتوكل ( رحمه الله ) ، قال : حدثنا علي بن الحسين السعد آبادي ، قال : حدثنا أحمد بن أبي عبد الله البرقي ، عن أبيه ، عن محمد ابن زياد ، عن أبان وغيره ، عن الصادق جعفر بن محمد ( عليهما السلام ) ، قال : من ختم صيامه بقول صالح أو عمل صالح تقبل الله منه صيامه . فقيل له : يا بن رسول الله ، ما القول الصالح ؟ قال : شهادة أن لا إله إلا الله ، والعمل الصالح : إخراج الفطرة .

Al-‘Āmāli, Al-Shaykh al-Ṣadūq, The Thirteenth Assembly – Ḥadīth #5

It was narrated to us by my father رحمه الله, who said – it was narrated to us by Saʿd bin ʿAbd Allāh, who said – it was narrated to us by Aḥmed bin Moḥammed, from al-Ḥussain bin Saʿīd, from ibn Abī ʿUmayr, from Muʿawiyah bin Wahab, from ʿAmru bin Nahīk, from Salām al-Makki:

From Abī Jaʿfar al-Bāqir عليه السلام, who said: A man named Shaybah al-Hidhali1 came to the Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله and said: Oh Messenger of Allāh, I am an old man that has grown in age, and my strength has been weakened from the actions that I had habituated myself with from praying, fasting, pilgrimage and jihād; so teach me – oh Messenger of Allāh – some words that Allāh will benefit me with, and make it easy on me, oh Messenger of Allāh.
He replied: Repeat it.
So he repeated it three times.
Then the Messenger of Allāh صلى الله عليه وآله said: There is no tree or clod of mud around you that did not cry from your mercy.2 When you pray the morning prayers, say ten times: ‘Glory be to Allāh, the Mighty, and by His Mercy; there is no strength or power except through Allāh, the High, the Mighty’ (ṢubḥānAllāh al-ʿAdhīm wa biḥamdih, lā ḥowla wa lā quwata illa billah al-ʿAlī al-Adhīm). Indeed Allāh, Mighty and Majestic, will cure you with that from blindness, delirium, leprosy, poverty, and decrepitude.
He replied: Oh Messenger of Allāh, this is for this worldly life, but what about the hereafter?
He said: Say at the end of each prayer: ‘Oh Allāh, grant me from what is with You; and scatter upon me a portion of Your Bounties; and spread upon me a portion of Your Mercy; and bring down upon a portion of Your Blessings.
He (the narrator) said: He clinched them with his hand3 and then departed. Then a man said to ibn ʿAbbās:4 How tightly your uncle held onto what he clinched!
The Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله replied to them: If he comes on the Day of Judgement without intentionally abandoning it (i.e. the four statements), the eight doors of Paradise opens for him, and he enters it from whichever one he wishes.5

1. The name Shaybah al-Hidhali is the same in the version found in Thawāb al-Aʿmāl. However in al-Tahdhīb it is Shaybah al-Hadhīl and in al-Khiṣāl (which varies slightly in its contents – some which we will mention in the footnotes that follow) it is Qayṣah bin Mukhāriq al-Hilāli.
2. In a similar narration in al-Khiṣāl, it says ‘There is no tree or clod of mud around you that did not cry in mercy over you.’
3. He clinched them with his hand: Meaning he counted the four statements on his fingers and memorised them.
4. In al-Khiṣāl: Abū Bakr said to ʿUmar.
5. In al-Khiṣāl: The narration ends with one of the narrators within the chain, Abū Harmaz Nafiʿ bin ʿAbd Allāh al-Khorasāni, said that he narrated this narration to a neighbour of mine who was a friend of Ḥassan.6 […]

Al-‘Āmāli, Al-Shaykh al-Ṣadūq, The Thirteenth Assembly – Ḥadīth #4

It was narrated to us by my father رحمه الله, who said – it was narrated to us by Saʿd bin ʿAbd Allāh, who said – it was narrated to us by al-Haytham bin Abī Masrūq al-Nahdi, from al-Ḥussain bin ʿIlwān, from ʿAmru bin Thābit, who said – it was narrated to me by ibn Ḥamrān:

From al-Ṣādiq Jaʿfar bin Moḥammed عليهم السلام, whereupon he said: Whoever glorifies Allāh (sabbaḥ, i.e. says SubḥanAllāh) thirty times everyday, Allāh, Blessed and High, will eliminate from him seventy types of adversities – the least of it being poverty.

حدثنا أبي ( رحمه الله ) ، قال : حدثنا سعد بن عبد الله ، قال : حدثنا الهيثم بن أبي مسروق النهدي ، عن الحسين بن علوان ، عن عمرو بن ثابت ، قال : حدثني محمد ابن حمران ، عن الصادق جعفر بن محمد ( عليهم السلام ) ، أنه قال : من سبح الله كل يوم ثلاثين مرة دفع الله تبارك وتعالى عنه سبعين نوعا من البلاء أدناها الفقر .

Al-‘Āmāli, Al-Shaykh al-Ṣadūq, The Thirteenth Assembly – Ḥadīth #3

It was narrated to us by Moḥammed bin al-Ḥassan رضي الله عنه, who said – it was narrated to us by Moḥammed bin al-Ḥassan al-Ṣaffār, who said – it was narrated to us by al-ʿAbbās bin Maʿrūf, from Moḥammed bin Sinān, from Ṭalḥa bin Zayd, from al-Ṣādiq Jaʿfar bin Moḥammed, from his father, from his forefathers عليهم السلام, who said:

Whoever does takbīr (i.e. says Allāhu Akbar) one hundred times in the evening, it is as if he has unchained one hundred people.

حدثنا محمد بن الحسن ( رضي الله عنه ) ، قال : حدثنا محمد بن الحسن الصفار ، قال : حدثنا العباس بن معروف ، عن محمد بن سنان ، عن طلحة بن زيد ، عن الصادق جعفر بن محمد ، عن أبيه ، عن آبائه ( عليهم السلام ) ، قال : من كبر الله تبارك وتعالى عند المساء مائة تكبيرة ، كان كمن أعتق مائة نسمة .

Al-‘Āmāli, Al-Shaykh al-Ṣadūq, The Thirteenth Assembly – Ḥadīth #2

It was narrated to us by Moḥammed bin Ibrāhīm bin ‘Isḥāq رضي الله عنه, who said – it was narrated to us by Aḥmed bin Moḥammed al-Kūfi, who said – it was narrated to us by ʿAlī bin al-Ḥassan bin ʿAlī bin Fadhāl, from his father, from Abī al-Ḥassan ʿAlī bin Mūsa al-Ridha, from his father, from his forefathers عليهم السلام, who said:

The Messenger of Allāh صلى الله عليه وآله said: Indeed, the Month of Ramadhān is a grand month. Allāh multiplies goodness in it, and in it wipes away the evil, and in it raises the ranks. Whoever gives in charity in it, Allāh will forgive him [his sins]. Whoever treats well what his right hand possesses in it, Allāh will forgive him [his sins]. Whoever improves his manners in it, Allāh will forgive him [his sins]. Whoever swallows his anger in this month, Allāh will forgive him [his sins]. Whoever enjoins family ties in it, Allāh will forgive him [his sins].
He عليه السلام then said: Indeed, this month of yours is not like the other months. Indeed when it approaches you, blessings and mercy approach. When it flees, forgiveness of sins flees. This month the goodness is multiplied, and good deeds is accepted. Whoever prays in this month of Allāh, Mighty and Majestic, two units of voluntary prayers, Allāh will forgive him [his sins].
He عليه السلام then said: Indeed, the miserable, who does not have his sins forgiven after this month departs, deserves misery; for at that point he is at a loss at a time where the doers of good are victories through the rewards from The Generous Lord.

حدثنا محمد بن إبراهيم بن إسحاق ( رضي الله عنه ) ، قال : حدثنا أحمد بن محمد الكوفي ، قال : حدثنا علي بن الحسن بن علي بن فضال ، عن أبيه ، عن أبي الحسن علي بن موسى الرضا ، عن أبيه ، عن آبائه ( عليهم السلام ) ، قال : قال رسول الله ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) : إن شهر رمضان شهر عظيم ، يضاعف الله فيه الحسنات ، ويمحو فيه السيئات ، ويرفع فيه الدرجات ، من تصدق في هذا الشهر بصدقة غفر الله له ، ومن أحسن فيه إلى ما ملكت يمينه غفر الله له ، ومن حسن فيه خلقه غفر الله له ، ومن كظم فيه غيظه غفر الله له ، ومن وصل فيه رحمه غفر الله له . ثم قال ( عليه السلام ) : إن شهركم هذا ليس كالشهور ، إنه إذا أقبل إليكم أقبل بالبركة والرحمة ، وإذا أدبر عنكم أدبر بغفران الذنوب ، هذا شهر الحسنات فيه مضاعفة ، وأعمال الخير فيه مقبولة ، من صلى منكم في هذا الشهر لله عز وجل ركعتين يتطوع بهما غفر الله له . ثم قال ( عليه السلام ) : إن الشقي حق الشقي من خرج عنه هذا الشهر ولم تغفر ذنوبه ، فحينئذ يخسر حين يفوز المحسنون بجوائز الرب الكريم .

Al-‘Āmāli, Al-Shaykh al-Ṣadūq, The Twelfth Assembly – Ḥadīth #3

And also on this day, it was narrated to us by al-Shaykh, al-Faqih al-Ṣadūq (Abū Jaʿfar Moḥammed bin ʿAlī bin al-Ḥussain bin Mūsa bin Bābawayh al-Qummi رحمة الله), who said – it was narrated to us by my father رحمة الله, who said – it was narrated to us by ʿAlī bin Ibrāhīm bin Hāshim, who said – it was narrated to us by Jaʿfar bin Salamah, who said – it was narrated to us by Ibrāhīm bin Moḥammed al-Thaqafi, who said – it was narrated to us by ʿUbayd Allāh bin Mūsa al-ʿAbbasi, who said – it was narrated to us by Muhalhil al-ʿAbdi, who said – it was narrated to us by Kadīra bin Ṣāliḥ al-Hijri, from Abī Dhar Jundub bin Janāda رضي الله عنه, who said:

I heard the Messenger of Allāh صلى الله عليه وآله say to ʿAlī عليه السلام three statements. Had just one of them been for me it would be more beloved to me than this world and what is in it. I heard him say: ‘Oh Allāh, help him and help through him. Oh Allāh, give victory to him and gain victory through him. For he is Your servant and brother of Your Messenger.’
Then Abū Dhar رحمه الله said: I testify to ʿAlī in allegiance, and his brotherhood, and his successorship.
Kadīra bin Ṣāliḥ said: Salmān al-Fārsi would similarly testify to this, as would al-Miqdād and ʿAmmār, and Jābir bin ʿAbd Allāh al-Anṣāri, and Abū al-Haytham bin al-Tayhān, and Khuzaymah bin Thābit dhu al-Shahādatayn,1 and Abū Ayūb – the companion within the dwelling of the Messenger of Allāh صلى الله عليه وآله – and Hāshim bin ʿUtba al-Marqāl. All of them are from the elite companions of the Messenger of Allāh صلى الله عليه وآله.

وصلى الله على سيدنا محمد وآله الطاهرين

1. Khuzaymah bin Thābit was known as dhu al-Shahādatayn (the one of the two testimonies) due to an incident found in an authentic narration in al-Kāfi  (Volume 7, in the Chapter of testimonies) where the Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله declared the testimony (shahāda) of Khuzaymah to be worthy of two men. Al-Barqi, in his book of Rijāl, elaborates how he was of those who rejected the authority of the first recognized caliph, Abū Bakr, in a narration where Khuzaymah says to him: ‘Oh Abū Bakr, do you not have knowledge of how the Messenger of Allāh صلى الله عليه وآله accepted my testimony alone (as opposed to requiring two people)?’ [Abu Bakr] replied: ‘Yes’. He said: Then indeed I bear witness in what I heard from him, where he said: “Your Imām after me is ʿAlī عليه السلام because he is the most sincere to my nation and the most knowledgeable from them.”‘

وفي هذا اليوم أيضا حدثنا الشيخ الفقيه أبو جعفر محمد بن علي بن الحسين بن موسى بن بابويه القمي ( رحمة الله ) ، قال : حدثنا أبي ( رحمه الله ) ، قال : حدثنا علي ابن إبراهيم بن هاشم ، […]

Al-‘Āmāli, Al-Shaykh al-Ṣadūq, The Twelfth Assembly – Ḥadīth #2

It was narrated to us by Moḥammed bin Ibrāhīm al-Muʿādhi, who said – it was narrated to us by Aḥmed bin Ḥawayah al-Jurjāni al-Mudhakkar, who said – it was narrated to us by Abū ‘Isḥāq Ibrāhīm bin Bilāl, who said – it was narrated to us by Abū Moḥammed, who said – it was narrated to us by Abū ʿAbd Allāh Moḥammed bin Kirām, who said – it was narrated to us by Aḥmed bin ʿAbd Allāh, who said – it was narrated to us by Sufyān bin ʿAyaynah, who said – it was narrated to us Muʿawiyah bin ‘Isḥāq, who said – it was narrated to us by Saʿīd bin Jubayr, who said:

I asked ibn ʿAbbās: What is [the reward] for the one who fasts the Month of Ramadhān, while knowing it’s rights?
He said: Ready yourself, oh bin Jubayr, so that I can narrate to you with what your ears have never heard before, nor has your heart come across. Free yourself for what you have asked me about, for what you desire is the knowledge of the first and the last.
Saʿīd bin Jubayr said: I left from him, and readied myself for him for the next day. So I went out early to him at the time of fajr, whereupon I prayed fajr and mentioned the narration to him. He turned his face to me and said: Listen to me and what I have to say. I heard the Messenger of Allāh صلى الله عليه وآله say: If you knew what [reward] is for you in the Month of Ramadhān, you would have increased your remembrance and gratitude towards Allāh. If it is the first night, Allāh, Mighty and Majestic, forgives for my nation of of it’s sins; be it [sins committed] secretly or in open. He will raise you one million degrees, and will build for you fifty cities [in Paradise].
On the second day, Allāh, Mighty and Majestic, writes for you for every step that you take on that day – the worship of one year, with the reward of a prophet, and writes for you the fasting of one year.
On the third day, Allāh, Mighty and Majestic, gives you – for every hair on your body – a dome in al-Firdous made from a white pearl. Within its highest one there is twelve thousand houses from light; and its lowest has in it twelve thousand houses. Within each house is one thousand beds. Upon each bed is a ḥawrā’. Everyday, one thousand kings enter upon you, and with each king is a present.
On the fourth day, Allāh, Mighty and Majestic, gives you seventy thousand castles in the everlasting Paradise. Within each castle is seventy thousand houses. Within each house is fifty thousand beds. Upon each bed is a ḥawrā’. In front of each ḥawrā’ is one thousand is a maidservant. The veil of just one of them is greater than this worldly life and what is in it.
On the fifth day, Allāh gives you in the […]

Al-‘Āmāli, Al-Shaykh al-Ṣadūq, The Twelfth Assembly – Ḥadīth #1

It was narrated to us by al-Shaykh, al-Faqih al-Ṣadūq (Abū Jaʿfar Moḥammed bin ʿAlī bin al-Ḥussain bin Mūsa bin Bābawayh al-Qummi رضي الله عنه), who said – it was narrated to us by Moḥammed bin al-Ḥassan bin Aḥmed bin al-Walīd رضي الله عنه, who said – it was narrated to us by al-Ḥussain bin al-Ḥassan bin Ābān, from al-Ḥussain bin Saʿīd, from al-Ḥussain bin ʿIlwān, from ʿAmru bin Shimr, from Jābir:

From Abī Jaʿfar al-Bāqir عليه السلام, who said: When The Messenger of Allāh صلى الله عليه وآله would look upon the crescent of the Month of Ramadhān, he would turn his face towards the qibla, and would say: Oh Allāh, welcome it with security and safety upon us, peace and submission, good health and honour, abundant sustenance, removal of illness, recitation of the Qur’ān, and assistance with prayers and fasting. Oh Allāh, give the Month of Ramadhān in safety, and take it back with safety, and make us submissive in it until the Month of Ramadhān finishes and you have forgiven us.
He then turns his face towards the people and says: Oh gathering of Muslims, if the crescent of the Month of Ramadhān emerges, the rebellious devils are chained, and the doors of the heavens, Paradise, and mercy are opened, and the doors of the fire is closed. The supplications are answered and Allāh, Mighty and Majestic, emancipates from the chains from the fire at every break of the fast. A caller will call out each night: ‘Is there any one who requests [his needs]? Is there one who seeks forgiveness? Oh Allāh give reward to all of those who give in charity, and allow those who give in charity lose nothing’; until the crescent of Shawwāl emerges, whereupon the believers are called to: ‘Come take your rewards, for it is the day of [obtaining] rewards.’
Abū Jaʿfar عليه السلام then said: I swear, by the one in whose hands is my life, those rewards are not dinānīr and dirāhim.1 1. Dinānīr and dirāhim: the plural of the common currency used.

حدثنا الشيخ الفقيه أبو جعفر محمد بن علي بن الحسين بن موسى بن بابويه القمي ( رضي الله عنه ) ، قال : حدثنا محمد بن الحسن بن أحمد بن الوليد ( رضي الله عنه ) ، قال : حدثنا الحسين بن الحسن بن أبان ، عن الحسين بن سعيد ، عن الحسين بن علوان ، عن عمرو بن شمر ، عن جابر ، عن أبي جعفر الباقر ( عليه السلام ) ، قال : كان رسول الله ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) إذا نظر إلى هلال شهر رمضان ، استقبل القبلة بوجهه ، ثم قال : اللهم أهله علينا بالأمن والايمان ، والسلامة والاسلام ، والعافية المجللة ، والرزق الواسع ، ودفع الأسقام ، وتلاوة القرآن ، والعون على الصلاة والصيام ، اللهم سلمنا لشهر رمضان وسلمه لنا وتسلمه منا حتى ينقضي شهر رمضان وقد غفرت لنا . ثم يقبل بوجهه على الناس فيقول : يا معشر المسلمين ، إذا طلع هلال […]

Al-‘Āmāli, Al-Shaykh al-Ṣadūq, The Thirteenth Assembly – Ḥadīth #1

It was narrated to us by al-Shaykh, al-Faqih al-Ṣadūq (Abū Jaʿfar Moḥammed bin ʿAlī bin al-Ḥussain bin Mūsa bin Bābawayh al-Qummi رضي الله عنه), who said – it was narrated to us by my father رحمه الله, who said – it was narrated to us by Saʿd bin ʿAbd Allāh, from Aḥmed bin al-Ḥussain, from Moḥammed bin Jamhūr, and from Moḥammed bin Ziyād, from the one who heard Moḥammed bin Muslim al-Thaqafi say:

I heard Abā Jaʿfar Moḥammed bin ʿAlī al-Bāqir عليهم السلام say: Indeed with Allāh, Most High, are angels that are commissioned for those who are fasting. They seek forgiveness for them on their behalf every day during the Month of Ramadhān until the end of it. They call out to the fasting people in every night at the time of their breaking of fast: ‘Rejoice oh servant of Allāh, for indeed you have starved a little thus you will be satiated in abundance. You are blessed and blessings upon you’.
When the final night of the Month of Ramadhān comes, they call out: ‘Rejoice oh servant of Allāh, for indeed Allāh has forgiven your sins, and your repentance is accepted, so be cautious in (lit. look at) what is to come in what you carry on with (i.e. your future deeds).

حدثنا الشيخ الجليل أبو جعفر محمد بن علي بن الحسين بن موسى ابن بابويه الفقيه القمي ( رضي الله عنه ) ، قال : حدثنا أبي ( رحمه الله ) ، قال : حدثنا سعد بن عبد الله ، عن أحمد بن الحسين ، عن محمد بن جمهور ، وعن محمد بن زياد ، عمن سمع محمد بن مسلم الثقفي يقول : سمعت أبا جعفر محمد بن علي الباقر ( عليهم السلام ) يقول : إن لله تعالى ملائكة موكلين بالصائمين ، يستغفرون لهم في كل يوم من شهر رمضان إلى آخره ، وينادون الصائمين كل ليلة عند إفطارهم : أبشروا – عباد الله – فقد جعتم قليلا وستشبعون كثيرا ، بوركتم وبورك فيكم ، حتى إذا كان آخر ليلة من شهر رمضان نادوهم : أبشروا – عباد الله – فقد غفر الله لكم ذنوبكم ، وقبل توبتكم ، فانظروا كيف تكونون فيما تستأنفون .

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