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Wasā’il al-Shīʿa, Water used in doing wudu is both pure and purifying – Ḥadīth #3

3 – Muhammad b. `Ali b. al-Husayn said: `Ali عليه السلام was asked is doing wudu from the leftover of the wudu of the congregation of more beloved to you or doing wudu from a white (i.e. undefiled) covered large watering-trough? So he said: No, rather from the leftover of the Muslims, for the most beloved of your religion to Allah is the true, tolerant, easy.

[537] 3 ـ محمد بن علي بن الحسين قال: سئل علي ( عليه السلام ) أيتوضأ من فضل وضوء جماعة المسلمين أحب إليك أو يتوضأ من ركو أبيض مخمر؟ قال: لا، بل من فضل وضوء جماعة المسلمين، فإن أحب دينكم إلى الله الحنيفية السمحة السهلة.

Wasā’il al-Shīʿa, Water used in doing wudu is both pure and purifying – Ḥadīth #2

2 – And by the isnad from Ahmad b. Hilal from al-Hasan b. Mahbub from `Abdullah b. Sinan from Abu `Abdillah عليه السلام in a hadith wherein he said: And as to the water with which the man does wudu, and washes his face with and his hand, in something clean, then there is no harm with someone else taking it and doing wudu with it.

[536] 2 ـ وبالإسناد، عن أحمد بن هلال، عن الحسن بن محبوب، عن عبدالله بن سنان، عن أبي عبدالله ( عليه السلام ) ـ في حديث ـ قال: وأما الماء الذي يتوضأ الرجل به، فيغسل به وجهه، ويده، في شيء نظيف، فلا باس أن ياخذه غيره ويتوضأ به.

Wasā’il al-Shīʿa, Water used in doing wudu is both pure and purifying – Ḥadīth #1

1 – Muhammad b. al-Hasan from Muhammad b. Muhammad b. an-Nu`man from Ja`far b. Muhammad b. Qulawayh from his father from Sa`d b. `Abdullah from al-Hasan b. `Ali from Ahmad b. Hilal from Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Abi Nasr from Aban b. `Uthman from Zurara from one of the two of them عليهما السلام.
He said: When the Prophet صلى الله عليه واله would do wudu, what fell from his wudu would be taken and they would do wudu with it.
And as-Saduq narrated it in a mursal fashion.

[535] 1 ـ محمد بن الحسن، عن محمد بن محمد بن النعمان، عن جعفر بن محمد بن قولويه، عن أبيه، عن سعد بن عبدالله، عن الحسن بن علي، عن احمد بن هلال، عن احمد بن محمد بن أبي نصر، عن أبان بن عثمان، عن زرارة، عن أحدهما ( عليهما السلام ) قال: كان النبي ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) إذا توضأ أخذ ما يسقط من وضوئه فيتوضؤون به .
ورواه الصدوق مرسلا .

Wasā’il al-Shīʿa, Warmed water for ghusl – Ḥadīth #2

2 – And from al-Mufid from as-Saduq from Muhammad b. al-Hasan from Sa`d b. `Abdullah and Ahmad b. Idris from Ahmad b. Muhammad from al-Husayn b. Sa`id from Hammad from Hariz from Muhammad b. Muslim.
He said: I asked Abu `Abdillah عليه السلام about a man who janaba afflicts in a cold land, and he does not find water, and it may be that the water is solid. So he said: He does ghusl upon whatever there is.
A man told him that he had done that, and he became sick for a month due to the cold. So he said: Do ghusl upon whatever there is, for there is no way out from the ghusl.
And Abu `Abdillah عليه السلام mentioned that he had been compelled to (or: in need of) it while he was sick, so they brought him it warmed, and he did ghusl. So he said: There is no way out from the ghusl.

[534] 2 ـ وعن المفيد، عن الصدوق، عن محمد بن الحسن، عن سعد بن عبدالله وأحمد بن إدريس، عن أحمد بن محمد، عن الحسين بن سعيد، عن حماد، عن حريز، عن محمد بن مسلم قال: سألت أبا عبدالله ( عليه السلام ) عن رجل تصيبه الجنابة في أرض باردة، ولا يجد الماء وعسى أن يكون الماء جامدا فقال: يغتسل على ما كان، حدثه رجل انه فعل ذلك فمرض شهرا من البرد فقال: إغتسل على ما كان فانه لا بد من الغسل، وذكر أبو عبدالله ( عليه السلام ) أنه اضطر إليه وهو مريض، فأتوه به مسخنا، فاغتسل، فقال: لابدّ من الغسل .

Wasā’il al-Shīʿa, Warmed water for ghusl – Ḥadīth #1

1 – Muhammad b. al-Hasan by his isnad from `Ali b. Mahziyar from Aban from Zurara.
He said: Abu Ja`far عليه السلام said: The water is not warmed for the deceased.

[533] 1 ـ محمد بن الحسن بإسناده، عن علي بن مهزيار، عن أبان، عن زرارة قال: قال أبو جعفر ( عليه السلام ): لا يسخن الماء للميت.

Muʿjam al-Aḥādīth al-Muʿtabara, Harun b. Sa’d – Ḥadīth #3

[3/273] Ghayba of al-Tusi: al-Kulayni from Sa’d from al-Yaqtini from Ali b. al-Hakam and Ali b. al-Hasan b. Nafi from Harun b. Kharija who said: Harun b. Sa’d al-Ijli said to me: Ismail [the son of al-Sadiq] towards whom you were stretching out your necks [i.e. expecting to be the next Imam] is dead, furthermore, Ja’far is an old man, he will die tomorrow or the day after, then you will remain without an Imam! I did not know what to say in reply, so I informed Aba Abdillah عليه السلام about what he [al-Ijli] had said. He [the Imam] said: how far, how far [is al-Ijli’s wish] – by Allah – Allah has refused to allow this matter to stop [Imama to discontinue] until the day and night also stop, so if you see him again say to him: this is Musa b. Ja’far – he will grow up, we will marry him off, and he will have a child as his successor – if Allah wills. Comments

Harun b. Sa’d al-Ijli was the leader of a Zaydi faction called the Ijliyya [See also section 3.50. – 3.51]. The Ijliyya were very similar to Batri Zaydis. They were known for accepting the legitimacy of Abu Bakr and Umar even whilst claiming to prefer Ali. They would consider any descendant of Ali who unsheathes the sword and confronts the corrupt temporal rulers to be an Imam.

Harun participated in the revolts of Zayd b. Ali and Ibrahim b. al-Hasan against the Umayyad and Abbasid regimes respectively. He must have had quite an influence over his followers. The Imam uses a play on words – comparing his tribal affiliation [Ijli] to the golden calf [Ijl] worshiped by the Israelites [See No. 1/271].

Harun had a low opinion of al-Sadiq and his followers because they were queitist and did not participate in armed struggle. He taunts them by prematurely predicting that there will be no successor to al-Sadiq after the death of the elder favourite Ismail [See No. 3/273]. The preoccupation of the Ijliyya with warfare meant that they had no firm grounding in learning. al-Sadiq declares that even the Murjia and Khawarij have some semblance of knowledge, despite being wrong, when compared to the Ijliyya [See No. 2/272].

Below is part of a poem attributed to Harun as quoted by Ibn Qutayba in his Uyun and Ta’wil Ikhtilaf al-Hadith:


ألم تر أن الرافضين تفرقوا      فكلهم في جعفر قال منكرا

فطائفة قالت إمام ومنهم   طوائف سمته النبي المطهرا

فإن كان يرضى ما يقولون جعفر   فإني إلى ربي أفارق جعفرا

ومن عجب لم أقضه جلد جفرهم   برئت إلى الرحمن ممن تجفرا

برئت إلى الرحمن من كل رافض   بصير بباب الكفر في الدين أعورا

Don’t you see that the Rawafid are divided … For everyone of them has believed about Ja’far something abominable

There is a group which says ‘he is an Imam’ … yet other groups consider him a purified prophet

If it is true that Ja’far agrees with what they say … […]

Muʿjam al-Aḥādīth al-Muʿtabara, Harun b. Sa’d – Ḥadīth #2

[2/272] Rijal al-Kashshi: Hamduwayh from Ayyub b. Nuh from Safwan from Dawud b. Farqad from Abi Abdillah عليه السلام who said: there is no one more ignorant than them – that is the Ijliyya – among the Murjia there is [found] jurisprudence [legal opinions] and knowledge, and among the Khawarij there is jurisprudence and knowledge, but there is no one more ignorant than them [the Ijliyya].

[2/272] رجال الكشي: حمدويه، قال حدثنا أيوب بن نوح، قال حدثنا صفوان، عن داود بن فرقد، عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام قال: ما أحد أجهل منهم يعني العجلية، إن في المرجئة فتيا و علما و في الخوارج فتيا و علما، و ما أحد أجهل منهم

Muʿjam al-Aḥādīth al-Muʿtabara, Harun b. Sa’d – Ḥadīth #1

[1/271] Rijal al-Kashshi: Muhammad b. Masud from Abdallah b. Muhammad b. Khalid from al-Hasan b. Ali al-Khazzaz from Ali b. Uqba from Dawud b. Farqad who said: Abu Abdillah عليه السلام said: I had a need which I wanted my Lord the Elevated to fulfill, so I set out to the Masjid with that purpose in mind, and this is how I used to do whenever I had a need of something. While I was praying in the Rawdha a man approached and lurked overhead. I said: where is the man from? he said: from the residents of Kufa, I said: where is the man from? He said: from the tribe of Aslam, I said: where is the man from? He said: the Zaydiyya, I said: O brother of Aslam – who do you know among them [the Zaydiyya]? he said: I know the best of them and their leader Harun b. Sa’d. I said: O brother of Aslam that one is the head of the Ijliyya! Have you not heard Allah Mighty and Majestic saying: “those who took the calf (Ijl) (for worship) will only obtain anger from their Lord and humiliation in the life of this world” (7:152) …

[1/271] رجال الكشي: محمد بن مسعود، عن عبد الله بن محمد بن خالد، عن الحسن بن علي الخزاز، عن علي بن عقبة، عن داود بن فرقد قال: قال أبو عبد الله عليه السلام: عرضت لي إلى ربي تعالى حاجة فهجرت فيها إلى المسجد، و كذلك كنت أفعل إذا عرضت لي الحاجة، فبينا أنا أصلي في الروضة إذا رجل على رأسي، فقلت: ممن الرجل قال: من أهل الكوفة، قال: فقلت: ممن الرجل فقال: من أسلم، قال: فقلت: ممن الرجل قال: من الزيدية، قلت: يا أخا أسلم من تعرف منهم قال: أعرف خيرهم و سيدهم و أفضلهم هارون بن سعد، قال: قلت: يا أخا أسلم رأس العجلية، أما سمعت الله عز و جل يقول: إِنَّ الَّذِينَ اتَّخَذُوا الْعِجْلَ سَيَنالُهُمْ غَضَبٌ مِنْ رَبِّهِمْ وَ ذِلَّةٌ فِي الْحَياةِ الدُّنْيا …

Muʿjam al-Aḥādīth al-Muʿtabara, Nasr b. Qabus – Ḥadīth #1

[1/270] Rijal al-Kashshi: Hamduwayh from al-Hasan b. Musa from Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Abi Nasr from Sa’id b. Abi al-Jahm from Nasr b. Qabus who said: I said to Abi al-Hasan the first [al-Kadhim] عليه السلام: I had asked Aba Abdillah عليه السلام about the identity of the Imam after him and he informed me that it was going to be you, so when he [al-Sadiq] died the people turned away from you and went to the right and to the left [i.e. in confusion] but I and my companions stuck to you, so inform me about the Imam from your children – who is it going to be? He [the Imam] said: my son Ali عليه السلام. Comments al-Kashshi comments:

فدل هذا الحديث على منزلة الرجل من عقله و اهتمامه بأمر دينه إن شاء الله

This narration indicates the high station of the man in terms of his intellect and his scrupulousness in the matter of his religion, if Allah wills.

I say: Without a doubt Nasr must have been a very close companion of al-Sadiq to have been told the identity of the successor. This led him to avoid falling into error when the Fitna of the Fathiyya occurred.

Another narration in al-Kashshi has the same theme:

حدثني حمدويه قال: حدثني الحسين بن موسى، عن سليمان الصيدي، عن نصر بن قابوس قال: كنت عند أبي الحسن عليه السلام في منزله، فأخذ بيدي فوقفني على بيت من الدار، فدفع الباب فإذا علي عليه السلام ابنه، وفي يده كتاب ينظر إليه، فقال لي: يا نصر تعرف هذا؟ قلت: نعم هذا علي عليه السلام ابنك، قال: يا نصر، أتدري ما هذا الكتاب الذي ينظر فيه؟ فقلت: لا، قال: هذا الجفر الذي لا ينظر فيه إلا نبي أو وصي

قال الحسن بن موسى: فلعمري ما شك نصر فيه ولا ارتاب حتى أتاه وفاة أبي الحسن عليه السلام

Hamduwayh – al-Hasan b. Musa – Sulayman al-Saydi – Nasr b. Qabus who said: I was with Abi al-Hasan عليه السلام in his house when he took me by the hand and made me stand outside a room in the house, then he opened the door and there was Ali his son [inside] with a book in his hand which he was perusing. He [al-Kadhim] said to me: O Nasr – do you know this one? I said: Indeed, it is your son Ali. He said: O Nasr – do you know what that book which he is looking into is? I said: No, he said: that is the Jafr which no one can read except a prophet or a successor.

al-Hasan b. Musa [the sub-narrator] comments: By my life! Nasr never doubted concerning him [al-Ridha] nor did he waver until news about the death of Abi al-Hasan [al-Ridha] came to him i.e. he believed in the Imam all his life.

al-Najashi says about this Nasr b. Qabus:

روى عن أبي عبد الله وأبي إبراهيم وأبي الحسن الرضا عليهم السلام وكان ذا منزلة عندهم

He narrated from Abi Abdillah, Abu Ibrahim and […]

Wasā’il al-Shīʿa, Water in a vessel warmed by the sun – Ḥadīth #3

3 – Muhammad b. al-Hasan by his isnad from Sa`d b. `Abdullah from Hamza b. Ya`la from Muhammad b. Sinan from one of our companions from Abu `Abdillah عليه السلام.
He said: There is no harm with the person doing wudu with water that has been put in the sun.

[532] 3 ـ محمد بن الحسن بإسناده، عن سعد بن عبدالله، عن حمزة بن يعلى، عن محمد بن سنان، عن بعض أصحابنا، عن أبي عبدالله ( عليه السلام ) قال: لا بأس بأن يتوضأ الإنسان بالماء الذي يوضع في الشمس.

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