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Muʿjam al-Aḥādīth al-Muʿtabara, Muhammad b. Abi Zaynab Abu al-Khattab, Hafs, Ja’far b. Waqid, Hashim, Musaylama, Mukhtar, Sa’id, Hamza, Abu al-Ghamr and Others – Ḥadīth #5

[5/234] Rijal al-Kashshi: Hamduwayh from Muhammad b. Isa from al-Nadhr b. Suwayd from Yahya al-Halabi from his father Imran b. Ali who said: I heard Aba Abdillah عليه السلام saying: May Allah curse Aba al-Khattab, may He curse those who were killed with him, may He curse those who are remaining [alive] from them, and may He curse the one to whose heart enters mercy for them. Comments

Abu al-Khattab convinced his followers to revolt and they barricaded themselves in the mosque of Kufa. The governor of Kufa on behalf of al-Mansur [the second Abbasid Caliph] i.e. Isa b. Musa b. Ali b. Abdallah b. al-Abbas sent forces against them which resulted in their massacre. It is in this context that we see the Imam speaking of ‘those who were killed with him’.

[5/234] رجال الكشي: حمدويه، عن محمد بن عيسى، عن النضر بن سويد، عن يحيى الحلبي، عن أبيه عمران بن علي قال: سمعت أبا عبد الله عليه السلام يقول: لعن الله أبا الخطاب و لعن من قتل معه و لعن من بقي منهم و لعن الله من دخل قلبه رحمة لهم

Muʿjam al-Aḥādīth al-Muʿtabara, Muhammad b. Abi Zaynab Abu al-Khattab, Hafs, Ja’far b. Waqid, Hashim, Musaylama, Mukhtar, Sa’id, Hamza, Abu al-Ghamr and Others – Ḥadīth #4

[4/233] Rijal al-Kashshi: Muhammad b. Masud from Ali b. al-Hasan from Muammar b. Khallad who said: Abu al-Hasan عليه السلام said: Verily Aba al-Khattab corrupted the people of Kufa so they used not to pray the Maghrib until the redness of the sky disappears, but that is not appropriate except for the traveller or someone who has a problem. He [al-Ridha] also said: A man asked Aba al-Hasan [al-Kadhim] عليه السلام and said: How did it happen that Abu Abdillah عليه السلام said about Abi al-Khattab what he said about him at first [in commissioning him] and then came the command to disassociate from him? So he said to him: Is it only for Abi Abdillah عليه السلام to appoint but not to depose! Comments

It is clear that Abu al-Khattab was teaching that Maghrib should be delayed until the redness in the western horizon disappears and the stars appear. This is contrary to the position of the Madhhab which advices waiting until the redness in the eastern horizon disappears as a precaution.

[4/233] رجال الكشي: محمد بن مسعود، عن علي بن الحسن، عن معمر بن خلاد قال: قال أبو الحسن عليه السلام: إن أبا الخطاب أفسد أهل الكوفة فصاروا لا يصلون المغرب حتى يغيب الشفق و لم يكن ذلك إنما ذاك للمسافر و صاحب العلة، و قال: إن رجلا سأل أبا الحسن عليه السلام فقال: كيف قال أبو عبد الله عليه السلام في أبي الخطاب ما قال ثم جاءت البراءة منه؟ فقال له: أكان لأبي عبد الله عليه السلام أن يستعمل و ليس له أن يعزل

Muʿjam al-Aḥādīth al-Muʿtabara, Muhammad b. Abi Zaynab Abu al-Khattab, Hafs, Ja’far b. Waqid, Hashim, Musaylama, Mukhtar, Sa’id, Hamza, Abu al-Ghamr and Others – Ḥadīth #3

[3/232] Rijal al-Kashshi: Hamduwayh and Ibrahim the sons of Nusayr from al-Hasan b. Musa from Ibrahim b. Abd al-Hamid from Abi Usama who said: A man said to Abi Abdillah عليه السلام: Should I postpone the Maghrib until after the stars can be seen? So he عليه السلام said: [this is the belief of the] Khattabiyya! Verily Jibrail brought it [i.e. the start time of Maghrib] to the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وآله when the disk [of the sun] disappears. Comments

A distinctive feature held by the Khattabiyya and for which they became notorious was delaying to pray the Maghrib until the stars could be seen.

[3/232] رجال الكشي: حمدويه و إبراهيم ابنا نصير، عن الحسن بن موسى، عن إبراهيم بن عبد الحميد، عن أبي أسامة قال: قال رجل لأبي عبد الله عليه السلام: أؤخر المغرب حتى تستبين النجوم؟ قال: فقال: خطابية، إن جبريل أنزلها على رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله حين سقط القرص

Muʿjam al-Aḥādīth al-Muʿtabara, Muhammad b. Abi Zaynab Abu al-Khattab, Hafs, Ja’far b. Waqid, Hashim, Musaylama, Mukhtar, Sa’id, Hamza, Abu al-Ghamr and Others – Ḥadīth #2

[2/231] Rijal al-Kashshi: Hamduwayh and Ibrahim the sons of Nusayr from al-Hasan b. Musa from Ibrahim b. Abd al-Hamid from Isa b. Abi Mansur who said: I heard Aba Abdillah عليه السلام saying – and Aba al-Khattab had just been mentioned: O Allah curse Aba al-Khattab for he has made me fearful whilst standing, sitting and lying down. O Allah make him taste the heat of the iron [i.e. die by the sword]. Comments

How could the Imam not fear when Abu al-Khattab was uttering such serious things about him while he is not but a slave of Allah. The supplication of the Imam was answered for Abu al-Khattab was indeed put to the sword.

[2/231] رجال الكشي: حمدويه و إبراهيم ابنا نصير، عن الحسن بن موسى، عن إبراهيم بن عبد الحميد، عن عيسى بن أبي منصور قال: سمعت أبا عبد الله عليه السلام و ذكر أبا الخطاب فقال: اللهم العن أبا الخطاب فإنه خوفني قائما و قاعدا و على فراشي اللهم أذقه حر الحديد

Muʿjam al-Aḥādīth al-Muʿtabara, Muhammad b. Abi Zaynab Abu al-Khattab, Hafs, Ja’far b. Waqid, Hashim, Musaylama, Mukhtar, Sa’id, Hamza, Abu al-Ghamr and Others – Ḥadīth #1

[1/-] Rijal al-Kashshi: Muhammad b. Qulawayh and al-Husayn b. al-Hasan b. Bundar al-Qummi from Sa’d b. Abdallah from Muhammad b. Isa b. Ubayd from Yunus b. Abd al-Rahman – One of our companions asked him [i.e. Yunus] while I was present … He [i.e. al-Ridha] said: Verily Aba al-Khattab lied about Abi Abdillah عليه السلام – may Allah curse Aba al-Khattab, and likewise the companions of Aba al-Khattab do insert these narrations into the books of the companions of Aba Abdillah عليه السلام to this day … Comments

Abu al-Khattab’s followers succeeded in introducing spurious narrations into the books of Hadith that were in circulation at that time. This should be enough to dispense with the claim that all our narrations are reliable and should be accepted without scrutiny.

[-/1] رجال الكشي: محمد بن قولويه و الحسين بن الحسن بن بندار القمي، عن سعد بن عبد الله، عن محمد بن عيسى بن عبيد، عن يونس بن عبد الرحمن – أن بعض أصحابنا سأله و أنا حاضر … قال لي: إن أبا الخطاب كذب على أبي عبد الله عليه السلام لعن الله أبا الخطاب و كذلك أصحاب أبي الخطاب يدسون هذه الأحاديث إلى يومنا هذا في كتب أصحاب أبي عبد الله عليه السلام …

Muʿjam al-Aḥādīth al-Muʿtabara, Muhammad b. Abi Bakr, others and al-Mahdi – Ḥadīth #4

[4/-] Rijal al-Kashshi: Muhammad b. Masud from Ali b. al-Hasan from Abbas b. A’mir from Aban b. Uthman from Zurara from Abi Ja’far عليه السلام who said: al-Mahdi the client of Uthman came to pledge allegiance to the Commander of the Faithful [Ali] while Muhammad b. Abi Bakr was seated. He [al-Mahdi] said: I pledge allegiance to you that the matter [Khilafa] was for you from the start and I disassociate myself from Fulan, Fulan, and Fulan, then he pledged allegiance to him. Comments

The three Fulans are well-known. Their names expunged because of Taqiyya.

This should be considered a reliable narration but al-Muhsini claims that Ali b. al-Hasan b. Fadhal cannot narrate from Aban – a companion of al-Sadiq – via one intermediary [Abbas b. A’mir], but this is quite strange because there is nothing preventing it from happening. Further, al-Muhsini himself has graded this same chain as reliable in other instances.

[-/4] رجال الكشي: محمد بن مسعود، عن علي بن الحسن، عن عباس بن عامر، عن أبان بن عثمان، عن زرارة، عن أبي جعفر عليه السلام: أن المهدي مولى عثمان أتى فبايع أمير المؤمنين و محمد بن أبي بكر جالس، قال أبايعك على أن الأمر كان لك أولا و أبرأ من فلان و فلان و فلان، فبايعه

Muʿjam al-Aḥādīth al-Muʿtabara, Muhammad b. Abi Bakr, others and al-Mahdi – Ḥadīth #3

[3/230] Rijal al-Kashshi: Hamduwayh b. Nusayr from Muhammad b. Isa from Muhammad b. Abi Umayr from Umar b. Udhayna from Zurara b. A’yan from Abi Ja’far عليه السلام that: Muhammad b. Abi Bakr gave the pledge of allegiance to Ali عليه السلام upon the condition of disassociating from his father [Abu Bakr]. Comments

The pledge of allegiance [Bay’a], like any other agreement, entailed certain conditions either on the one receiving the Bay’a or the one giving the Bay’a, which are normally declared vocally before the act is sealed with the placing of hands one on top of the other.

For example, those giving the pledge to the prophet at Aqaba swore to uphold certain things, Abd al-Rahman b. al-Awf was willing to swear fealty to Ali on the condition that he follow the example of the two previous Caliphs, the Khawarij were willing to give Bay’a to al-Hasan with the condition that he fight their enemy.

In this case, Muhammad  b. Abi Bakr gave the pledge while imposing on himself ‘disassociation from his father’ as a part of the pledge because he knew that Ali was the most rightful from the beginning.

[3/230] رجال الكشي: حمدويه بن نصير، عن محمد بن عيسى، عن محمد بن أبي عمير، عن عمر بن أذينة، عن زرارة بن أعين، عن أبي جعفر عليه السلام: أن محمد بن أبي بكر بايع عليا عليه السلام على البراءة من أبيه

Muʿjam al-Aḥādīth al-Muʿtabara, Muhammad b. Abi Bakr, others and al-Mahdi – Ḥadīth #2

[2/229] Rijal al-Kashshi: Hamduwayh b. Nusayr and Ibrahim b. Nusayr from Ayyub from Safwan from Mu`awiya b. Ammar and more than one from Abi Abdillah عليه السلام who said: Ammar b. Yasir and Muhammad b. Abi Bakr could never tolerate that Allah Mighty and Majestic be disobeyed. Comments

See the discussion under No. [1/-] in 3.95 for the context behind this declaration of the Imam.

[2/229] رجال الكشي: حمدويه و إبراهيم ابنا نصير، عن أيوب، عن صفوان، عن معاوية بن عمار و غير واحد، عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام قال: كان عمار بن ياسر و محمد بن أبي بكر لا يرضيان أن يعصي الله عز و جل

Muʿjam al-Aḥādīth al-Muʿtabara, Muhammad b. Abi Bakr, others and al-Mahdi – Ḥadīth #1

[1/228] Rijal al-Kashshi: Muhammad b. Qulawayh al-Qummi and al-Husayn b. al-Hasan b. Bundar al-Qummi from Sa’d b. Abdallah b. Abi Khalaf al-Qummi from al-Hasan b. Musa al-Khashshab and Muhammad b. Isa b. Ubayd from Ali b. Asbat from Abdallah b. Sinan who said: I heard Aba Abdillah عليه السلام saying: There were five individuals from the Quraysh with the Commander of the Faithful عليه السلام while there were thirteen clans [i.e. of the Quraysh] with Muawiya. As for the five [they were]: Muhammad b. Abi Bakr – Allah’s mercy be upon him – his noble descent was from his mother Asma bt. Umays [not his father], and with him was Hashim b. Utba b. Abi Waqqas al-Mirqal, and with him was Ja’da b. Hubayra al-Makhzumi, the Commander of the Faithful عليه السلام was his maternal uncle [i.e. Ja’da’s mother – Umm Hani bt. Abi Talib – was the sister of Ali], and he is the one to whom Utba b. Abi Sufyan said: You are undergoing all these hardships in war because of your maternal uncle [i.e. Ali], so Ja’da said to him: If your maternal uncle was like my maternal uncle you would have forgotten your father, and with him also was Muhammad b. Abi Hudhayfa b. Utba b. Rabia, and the fifth was the husband of the sister of the wife of the Commander of the Faithful [i.e. the husband of Zaynab bt. Muhammad – the sister of Fatima]: Abi al-As b. al-Rabi, and he was the son in law of the prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم

[1/228] رجال الكشي: محمد بن قولويه و الحسين بن الحسن بن بندار القميان، عن سعد بن عبد الله بن أبي خلف القمي، عن الحسن بن موسى الخشاب و محمد بن عيسى بن عبيد، عن علي بن أسباط، عن عبد الله بن سنان قال: سمعت أبا عبد الله عليه السلام يقول: كان مع أمير المؤمنين عليه السلام من قريش خمسة نفر و كانت ثلاثة عشر قبيلة مع معاوية فأما الخمسة محمد بن أبي بكر رحمة الله عليه أتته النجابة من قبل أمه أسماء بنت عميس، و كان معه هاشم بن عتبة بن أبي وقاص المرقال، و كان معه جعدة بن هبيرة المخزومي، و كان أمير المؤمنين عليه السلام خاله و هو الذي قال له عتبة بن أبي سفيان: إنما لك هذه الشدة في الحرب من قبل خالك فقال له جعدة: لو كان خالك مثل خالي لنسيت أباك، و محمد بن أبي حذيفة بن عتبة بن ربيعة، و الخامس سلف أمير المؤمنين أبي العاص بن الربيع و هو صهر النبي صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم

Muʿjam al-Aḥādīth al-Muʿtabara, Layth b. al-Bukhtari – Ḥadīth #4

[4/227] Tahdhib al-Ahkam: Via his chain to Ahmad b. Muhammad from Ibn Abi Umayr from Hisham b. Salim from Muhammad b. Muslim who said: Abu Basir led us in prayer when we were on the road to Makka. He [Abu Basir] said while in prostration – and a camel of theirs had become lost: ‘O Allah return to so-and-so [naming him] his camel’. Muhammad said: I entered in to see Abi Abdillah عليه السلام and informed him [of what had happened], so he [the Imam] said: Did he really do that?! I [Muhammad b. Muslim] said: Yes. He [the Imam] remained silent. I [Muhammad b. Muslim] said: Should I repeat the prayer? He said: No. Comments

Abu Basir being preferred to lead the prayer in spite of the presence of a Faqih like Muhammad b. Muslim points not only to his Adala [a condition necessary for the prayer leader in our Madhhab] but also to his great status.

Why was the Imam surprised by what Abi Basir had said in the Sajda?

al-Majlisi proposes that it could be because supplicating loudly in prostration is a Shi’i ritual identifier and Abu Basir was contravening Taqiyya by doing it. This is a weak argument because he was chosen to be the Imam most probably because he was leading a group consisting solely of fellow Shia including Muhammad b. Muslim. More importantly, the latter asks if he should repeat the prayer. If Abu Basir was leading in Taqiyya the Shia would be praying with Niyya of Furada and any mistake of the Imam would not affect them.

The correct explanation seems to be that he made a supplication of a very personal nature and more importantly named the one whose camel had been lost. Thus, Muhammad b. Muslim’s concern was whether he had invalidated the Salat by making such a Dua in Sajda and not Qunut [there are rules governing what can be intoned during Qiyam, Ruku and Sujud]. The Imam not requiring him to repeat the prayer means that the prayer is not invalidated by doing that though there may be hint of Karahiyya in it.

[4/227] تهذيب الاحكام: باسناده عن أحمد بن محمد عن ابن أبي عمير عن هشام بن سالم عن محمد بن مسلم قال: صلى بنا أبوبصير في طريق مكة فقال: وهو ساجد وقد كانت ضاعت ناقة لهم اللهم رد على فلان ناقته قال محمد: فدخلت على أبي عبدالله عليه السلام فاخبرته فقال: وفعل؟! فقلت: نعم قال فسكت قلت افاعيد الصلاة؟ قال: لا

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