Thawāb al-Aʿmāl: Ibn Bābawayh, who said – it was narrated to me by my father رحمه الله, who said – it was narrated to me by Moḥammed bin Yaḥya al-ʿAṭṭār, from Moḥammed bin Aḥmed, from Moḥammed bin Ḥassān, from ‘Ismāʿīl bin Mahrān, who said – it was narrated to me by al-Ḥassan bin ʿAlī bin Abī Ḥamza al-Baṭā’ini, from his father, who said:

Abū ʿAbd Allāh عليه السلام said: The greatest name of Allāh is a passage within Um ul-Kitāb.1

1. Um ul-Kitāb (i.e. al-Fātiḥa) is named such due to it containing the general contents of the whole Qur’ān such as Tawḥīd, Allāh’s Lordship and Authority, His Attributes, the Hereafter and the Day of Judgement, guidance and misguidance. Um (ام) is literally in the meaning of (الأساس) foundation or (الجذر) root. A tradition from The Messenger of Allāh صلى الله عليه وآله, where he said : (ان لكل شيء أساس أساس القران الفاتحة) Indeed with everything there’s a foundation, and the foundation of the Qur’ān is al-Fātiḥa.

ابن بابويه ، قال : حدثني أبي ( رحمه الله ) ، قال : حدثني محمد بن يحيى العطار ، عن محمد بن أحمد ، عن محمد بن حسان ، عن إسماعيل بن مهران ، قال : حدثني الحسن بن علي بن أبي حمزة البطائني ، عن أبيه ، قال : قال أبو عبدالله ( عليه السلام ) : اسم الله الأعظم مقطع في أم الكتاب