It was narrated to us by al-Shaykh, al-Faqih al-adūq (Abū Jaʿfar Moammed bin ʿAlī bin al-ussain bin Mūsa bin Bābawayh al-Qummi رحمه الله) who said – it was narrated to me by my father رحمه الله who said – it was narrated to me by Moammed bin Abī al-Qāsim, from Moammed bin ʿAlī al-Kūfi, from Nar bin Mazāim, from Abī ʿAbd al-Ramān, al-Masʿūdi, from al-ʿAlā’ bin Yazīd al-Qarashi, who said – al-ādiq, Jaʿfar bin Moammed عليهم السلام, said – it was narrated to me by my father, from his father, from his grandfather عليهم السلام, who said:

The Messenger of Allāh صلى الله عليه وآله said: [The month of] Shaʿbān is my month; and the month of Ramadhān is the month of Allāh, Mighty and Majestic. Therefore, whoever fasts one day from my month (Shaʿbān), I will be his intercessor on the Day of Judgement. Furthermore, whoever fasts two days from my month (Shaʿbān), his sins that have passed is forgiven. Furthermore, whoever fasts three days from my month (Shaʿbān), it is said to him: “Your deeds start afresh.” Furthermore, whoever fasts the month of Ramadhān, and guarded his private parts and his tongue, and refrained from harming people, Allāh forgives his sins from what has passed and what is to come, and is set free from the fire, and made permissible for him the world of tranquillity, and intercession is accepted from him, in quantity the like of the number of abundant sand-grains, for the sinners of the people of monotheism.

حدثنا الشيخ الفقيه الجليل أبو جعفر محمد بن علي بن الحسين بن موسى بن بابويه القمي (رحمه الله)، قال: حدثنا أبي (رحمه الله)، قال: حدثني محمد بن أبي القاسم، عن محمد بن علي الكوفي، عن نصر بن مزاحم، عن أبي عبد الرحمن المسعودي، عن العلاء بن يزيد القرشي، قال: قال الصادق جعفر بن محمد (عليهم السلام): حدثني أبي، عن أبيه، عن جده (عليهم السلام)، قال: قال رسول الله (صلى الله عليه وآله): شعبان شهري، وشهر رمضان شهر الله عز وجل، فمن صام يوما من شهري كنت شفيعه يوم القيامة، ومن صام يومين من شهري غفر له ما تقدم من ذنبه، ومن صام ثلاثة أيام من شهري قيل له: استأنف العمل، ومن صام شهر رمضان فحفظ فرجه ولسانه وكف أذاه عن الناس، غفر الله له ذنوبه ما تقدم منها وما تأخر وأعتقه من النار، وأحله دار القرار، وقبل شفاعته في عدد رمل عالج من مذنبي أهل التوحيد