It was narrated to us by Moḥammed bin ʿUmar al-Ḥāfdh al-Baghdādi, who said – it was narrated to us by Abū ʿAbd Allāh Moḥammed bin Aḥmed bin Thābit bin Kanānah, who said – it was narrated to us by Moḥammed bin al-Ḥassan bin al-ʿAbbās Abū Jaʿfar al-Khuzāʿi, who said – it was narrated to us by Ḥassan bin al-Ḥussain al-ʿarzi, who said – it was narrated to us by ʿAmru bin Thābit, from ʿAṭā’ bin al-Sā’ib, from Abī Yaḥya, from ibn ʿAbbās, who said:

The Messenger of Allāh got up on the pulpit and began giving a sermon, and the people gathered to him. He صلى الله عليه وآله said: Oh gathering of believers, indeed Allāh, Mighty and Majestic, has revealed to me that [my life] will be taken from me, and that my nephew, ʿAlī, will be killed. Indeed, oh people, I will inform you of some news which if you understand [and follow] you will be safe, and if you neglect it you will perish. Indeed my newphew, ʿAlī, is my brother and vizier; and he is my caliph; and he is my emissary; and he is the imām of the god-conscious and the Commander of al-Ghurr al-Muḥajjalīn.1 If you seek his guidance he will guide you, and if you follow him he will deliver you. However, If you oppose him you will be misguided, while if you obey him then you would be obeying Allāh, and if you disobey him you would be disobeying Allāh. If you give allegiance to him you would be giving allegiance to Allāh, and if you breach your allegiance with you you would have breached your allegiance with Allāh. Indeed, Allāh, Mighty and Majestic, brought down the Qur’ān upon me, and He is the one who whomsoever opposes is misguided, and whoever aspires for His knowledge from other than ʿAlī has perished. Oh people! listen to my words, and understand the rights of my exhortation! Do not oppose me in regards to my household except with what I have commanded you with in terms of protecting them. Indeed they are my elite and close family members, and my brothers and sons. Indeed you are tied with and held accountable for al-Thaqalayn, so pay attention to how you oppose me in it! Indeed they are my household, so whoever annoys them annoys me, and whoever oppresses them oppresses me. Whoever hurts them hurts me, and whoever honours them honours me. Whoever supports them supports me, and whoever betrays them betrays me. Whoever seeks guidance from other then them has in fact rejected me. Oh people, fear Allāh! And see what will you say when you meet Him! Indeed I am adversaries with whoever hurts them; and whoever I am adversaries with I have triumphed over them! I say these words that I have said to you and seek forgiveness from Allāh for you and for myself.

وصلى الله على رسوله محمد وآله

1. Al-Ghurr al-Muḥajjalīn: See footnote 1 in ḥadīth #6 from the Third Assembly.

حدثنا محمد بن عمر الحافظ البغدادي ، قال : حدثني أبو عبد الله محمد بن أحمد بن ثابت بن كنانة ، قال : حدثنا محمد بن الحسن بن العباس أبو جعفر الخزاعي ، قال : حدثنا حسن بن الحسين العرني ، قال : حدثنا عمرو بن ثابت ، عن عطاء بن السائب ، عن أبي يحيى ، عن ابن عباس ، قال : صعد رسول الله ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) المنبر فخطب ، واجتمع الناس إليه ، فقال ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) : يا معشر المؤمنين ، إن الله عز وجل أوحى إلي أني مقبوض ، وأن ابن عمي عليا مقتول ، وإني – أيها الناس – أخبركم خبرا ، إن عملتم به سلمتم ، وإن تركتموه هلكتم ، إن ابن عمي عليا هو أخي ووزيري ، وهو خليفتي ، وهو المبلغ عني ، وهو إمام المتقين ، قائد الغر المحجلين ، إن استرشدتموه أرشدكم ، وإن تبعتموه نجوتم ، وإن خالفتموه ضللتم ، وإن أطعتموه فالله أطعتم ، وإن عصيتموه فالله عصيتم ، وإن بايعتموه فالله بايعتم ، وإن نكثتم بيعته فبيعة الله نكثتم . إن الله عز وجل أنزل علي القرآن ، وهو الذي من خالفه ضل ، ومن ابتغى علمه عند غير علي هلك . أيها الناس ، اسمعوا قولي ، واعرفوا حق نصيحتي ، ولا تخلفوني في أهل بيتي إلا بالذي أمرتم به من حفظهم ، فإنهم حامتي ( 1 ) وقرابتي وإخوتي وأولادي ، وإنكم مجموعون ومساءلون عن الثقلين ، فانظروا كيف تخلفوني فيهما . إنهم أهل بيتي ، فمن آذاهم آذاني ، ومن ظلمهم ظلمني ، ومن أذلهم أذلني ، ومن أعزهم أعزني ، ومن أكرمهم أكرمني ، ومن نصرهم نصرني ، ومن خذلهم خذلني ، ومن طلب الهدى في غيرهم فقد كذبني . أيها الناس ، اتقوا الله ، وانظروا ما أنتم قائلون إذا لقيتموه ، فإني خصم لمن آذاهم ، ومن كنت خصمه خصمته ، أقول قولي هذا واستغفر الله لي ولكم .
وصلى الله على رسوله محمد وآله